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Governo Italiano

FAQs on the Italian Government's #ImStayingHome Decree

 

FAQs on the Italian Government's #ImStayingHome Decree

30/04/2020

 

  1. What's new in the April 10 Decree?

    The new April 10 Decree extends the lockdown measures for containing the coronavirus pandemic until May 3, 2020, confirming all the nationwide restrictions currently in place, with regard to travel and movements, school and university closures, public events and celebrations, entertainment and sports events and venues. The new Decree also confirms the closure of all shops and retail outlets, except for those selling groceries and other basic essentials, although from April 14 shops selling children's clothing, besides stationery and book shops, are allowed to re-open. Other retail outlets, such as newsagents, tobacconists, pharmacies and drugstores are allowed to continue operating. Catering establishments, such as bars, cafes, restaurants, pubs, ice cream shops, patisseries and cake shops shall remain closed, although they may continue to provide home delivery services, provided that they observe the social distancing rule of at least one metre, between the delivery courier/rider and client. All personal service shops (e.g. such as hair salons, barber shops, tattoo parlours, health spas) shall remain closed, as well as cruise ship services, from the conclusion of the journey. The forestry and timber industry may continue to operate. All shops and retail outlets open to the public are required to strictly observe social distancing rules, at all times; they must also clean and sanitise the premises at least twice a day and according to the opening hours. They must also ensure compliance with the contagion containment measures, such as limiting access to one person in at a time, in the case of small shops, or orderly and staggered entry, in the case of larger establishments, and the use of face masks and gloves by the staff and of hand sanitiser and disposable gloves by the members of the public in all grocery stores, which should be placed near the cash registers and payment systems, and, where possible, a separate entry and exit.

  1. Are there any differences in the Covid-19 containment measures between the different regions and areas of the country??

    Since March 9, the Covid-19 containment measures set out in the Government's decrees apply to the entire country, without distinction.

     

  1. What's new concerning travel and movements? Are there any restrictions? Can I travel to work?

    You are allowed to travel only for proven work requirements, situations of necessity (for example, shopping for groceries and other essentials) or health needs. It is forbidden to travel to neighbouring or other communes, either by public or private transport, except for proven work requirements, reasons of absolute urgency or health needs. Likewise, it is forbidden to travel to houses other than one's main dwelling, including holiday homes. In any case, you must always be able to prove your reasons for travelling, also by means of a self-certification form, which will be given to you to fill in by the law enforcement officers, should you be stopped and checked. Please be aware that the statements you make may be subsequently looked into and, if found to be untrue, you will be liable for prosecution. In any case, you are advised to work from home, where possible, or take holiday or leave entitlement. If you have no valid reasons for travelling or moving please stay home, for everybody's sake.

  2. I'm in self-isolation or subject to quarantine restrictions. Am I allowed to travel?

    If you're in quarantine, or have tested positive to the coronavirus, you are strictly required to stay at home.

  3. I am showing symptoms such as breathing difficulties and have a temperature of over 37.5 degrees. Can I travel?

    In this case, you are strongly advised to stay at home, call your doctor and restrict all contact with other people, as far as possible.

  4. Are people allowed to move about inside towns and cities?

    The prohibitions and recommendations also apply to movements within towns and cities, including the rules relating to work requirements or health needs or reasons of necessity, as well as for returning home.

  5. Is going to a retail establishment authorised to operate considered a valid reason for movement?

    Yes, but only at the conditions specified in the answer to question 1, for your or your family's essential daily needs or health reasons. Therefore, in the event of a check, you must be able to justify it by means of a self-declaration and always observing the interpersonal distance of at least one metre.

  6. Am I allowed to go out to buy food? Are food supplies guaranteed?

    Yes, everyone may go out to buy food and there is no need to stockpile or panic-buy because food supplies will be guaranteed, as always.

  7. Can I shop for groceries or other essentials in a different commune from where I live?

    Yes, but only to buy the goods specified in the list attached hereto (see Annexes 1 and 2), the sale of which is expressly allowed by the new April 10 Decree.

  8. Can I go out to buy goods other than groceries?

    Yes, but only to buy the goods specified in the March 11 Decree, the list of which is available at this link (annexes 1 and 2).

  9. Newsagents are open, but do I risk a penalty if I go out to buy a newspaper or a magazine?

    Newspapers and magazines are considered a "necessity", so people are allowed to go out to the newsagents to buy them.

  10. I serve as a civil protection volunteer. Can I travel outside the commune where I am currently based to deal with an emergency situation?

    Yes, the ban on movement outside the commune you are in does not apply to national civil protection volunteers, nor to other volunteers tackling the coronavirus health emergency under way (such as Italian Red Cross volunteers, for example).

  11. I'm a universal civilian service volunteer. Can I travel to work?

    Yes, you can. On the self-certification form (downloadable from the Interior Ministry website), you must indicate that you are travelling for “work requirements” and specify in the notes “I am a universal civilian service volunteer, working under a contract with the Department for Youth Policies and the Universal Civilian Service of the Presidency of the Council of Ministers, for ............................ (name of the entity you are working for)".

  12. What does "proven work requirements" mean? How can self-employed people prove their "work requirements"?

    People are allowed to go out to work, although it is always advised to use smart working, where possible, or to take holiday entitlement or leave from work. "Proven" means that you need to be able to prove that you are travelling either to or from work, also on the basis of a binding self-declaration (see FAQ 1), or by providing other proof, with the warning that making untruthful statements is an offence. If you are stopped and checked you will be required to prove your work requirements and the Authorities will look into any declarations you make, to establish their consistency and, if found untruthful, penalties shall apply.

  13. Can I commute to work if I live in a different commune?

    Commuting to work is allowed, but only if you cannot work from home or take holiday entitlement or other leave arrangements.

  14. I am away from home. Can I return to my home or place of residence?

    No, unless it is absolutely urgent or is necessary for work requirements or health needs. In any case, the employees of businesses that have been temporarily suspended, as well as people working from home, are strictly forbidden to travel to their workplace.

  15. Can I travel to my holiday home?

    No. Travel or movement outside or even within the commune you were in on March 22, with whatever means, is strictly banned, except for proven work requirements or reasons of absolute necessity or health needs. Travel to a holiday home is allowed only to deal with any unexpected and unforeseeable incidents (such as serious damage to the property, pipe breakages, break-ins by burglars, etc.) and, in any case, strictly for the purpose of and the time required to fix the problem.

  16. Can I visit relatives for a meal or social reasons?

    No, this is not considered an essential reason for movement and is therefore banned.

  17. Can I go out to help a relative or friend in need of assistance?

    Yes, this is considered a reason of necessity. However, always remember that elderly or sick people are particularly vulnerable and should, therefore, avoid contact with other people as much as possible.

  18. I am separated/divorced. Can I travel to visit my under-age children?

    Travel by a parent to pick up under-age children living with the other parent, or a guardian, is allowed, also from one commune to another. In this case, however, you must follow the shortest possible route and comply with all the health and safety requirements (regarding persons in quarantine or who have tested positive or are immune-depressed, etc.), as well as with the separation or divorce arrangements established by the court or agreed to with the other parent.

  19. May I drop off and pick up my children at their grandparents before and after work?

    This is allowed only if strictly necessary, if both parents are unable to look after their children for reasons beyond their control. In this case, the parent must take the children to the grandparents straight from home and then go straight to work, and follow the same route after work to pick them up. However, parents are strongly advised against leaving their children at their grandparents because elderly people are one of the groups most exposed to contagion by COVID-19 and, therefore, contact with other people should be avoided as far as possible. It is preferable to keep the children at home with one of the parents either working from home or on leave from work.

  20. Can I visit any places of worship?

    You may visit a place of worship, provided that interpersonal distancing of at least one metre is observed at all times and keeping in mind that all gatherings of any kind are banned. You should visit the place of worship closest to home, or, if travelling to work or moving for any other reason of absolute necessity, the place of worship closest to your workplace or destination or along the way there and back, so that you are justified by your self-certification if you're stopped for checking by law enforcement officers.

  21. Is tourism allowed?

    See section TOURISM

  22. Am I allowed to put out my waste for collection?

    Yes, in accordance with the rules applied by each local authority, given that the waste collection service continues as normal.

  23. Am I allowed to walk my pets?

    Yes, so that they can relieve themselves, but without gatherings and observing the interpersonal distance of at least one metre.

  24. Am I allowed to take my pet to the vet?

    Yes, but only in emergencies. Routine check-ups should be postponed. Even in emergency cases you must first fix an appointment to ensure a client turnover on a "one out, one in" basis, to prevent close contact between waiting clients. All staff shall be required to wear appropriate personal protective equipment (gloves and masks).

  25. Can I go out to take care of animals I own, or which have been entrusted to my care, such as horses, cats, dogs, which are kept somewhere else from where I live?

    No, going out for these reasons is generally forbidden, because the animals should be looked after and cared for by the facility where they are kept (stables, dog/cat kennels, etc.). You are allowed to travel there only if the animal care facility has informed you that the animal has health problems and is in need of care and that it is unable to provide that care. In these limited cases you can travel to the care facility, in which case you must specify the reason for travelling in the self-certification form.

  26. Am I allowed to go out for a walk?

    People are allowed to go out only for work requirements or health reasons or reasons of necessity or to engage in physical exercise outdoors. Therefore, you are allowed to go out for a walk, but only if strictly necessary in relation to any of the above mentioned reasons. For example, you are allowed out to go to food shops or to the newsagents, pharmacist or to buy other essentials for daily life. People are also allowed to go out to engage in physical exercise outdoors. In the event you are stopped for a check while you are out you should be able to present a self-declaration, if requested by a law enforcement officer. If you go out for work requirements, you may also show a card or other document issued by your employer and suited to proving your work requirement. In any case, all movements are subject to the general prohibition of crowds and gatherings and observing the interpersonal distance of at least one metre.

  27. Is outdoor physical exercise allowed?

    Outdoor physical exercise is allowed only near your home and on your own. You must keep at a distance of at least one metre from other people at all times, and all crowds or gatherings are strictly banned.

  28. Am I allowed to go to the park or other outdoor green or recreational areas? 

    No. Access to parks or other outdoor green or recreational areas and playgrounds is strictly banned.

  29. Can I use a bicycle to move about?

    You may only cycle to and from home and work or the shops, to buy groceries and other basic essentials. You may also cycle for exercise, but only in close proximity to your home. In any case, always remember to strictly observe the social distancing rule of at least one metre, at all times.

  30. How many passengers are allowed in a car? Can two people ride together on a motorbike?

    Passengers are allowed in a car, with the driver, only if the interpersonal distance of at least one metre can be observed. This is obviously not possible on a motorbike, therefore no passenger is allowed. These restrictions do not apply if the vehicles are used solely by family members.

  31. Will any checkpoints be put into place to enforce compliance with the measure?

    See "INFRINGEMENTS AND PENALTIES"

  32. Can I travel to a business establishment or building site, even if it is closed or work there has been suspended?

    Only if an unexpected or unforeseen emergency has arisen, given that all other matters should have been settled within the deadline set out in article 2 of the March 22 Decree. In any case, movement is allowed only to deal with emergencies that could give rise to safety issues and which cannot be postponed, and strictly for the time required to fix the problem. These reasons should be specified in the self-certification document, also providing comprehensive information useful for assessing the actual necessity of travel and the resolution of the problem.

  33. Can I travel to perform professional activities that require my presence on the ground, such as the surveying and/or measurement of land or buildings?

    Yes, provided that you comply with the contagion containment measures at all times. In this case you will be allowed to travel solely for work-related reasons, which you must in any case be able to prove, also by means of the self-certification form, in which you must specify the shortest route to and from your destination, for the purpose of subsequently checking the effective performance of professional activities in those locations.

  34. Which rules apply to cross-border workers?

    Cross-border workers are allowed to leave and re-enter the country, wither by private means or public transport, to and from their workplace and home. Interested persons may prove their work requirements in any way, including self-certification or other documents proving that they work in a bordering country (see previous FAQs).

  35. Which restrictions apply to travel from/to Italy?

    This FAQ is being updated. For urgent information please visit the website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation.

  36. I'm returning to Italy from abroad. May I ask someone to pick me up at the arrival airport, railway station or port?

    Yes, but only one person living in the same home as you and possibly wearing protective equipment. This type of movement is considered a matter of the "utmost urgency" and indicated as such on the self-certification form that can be downloaded at the Interior Ministry website (link). The self-certification must be fully compiled and must specify the journey and the destination place of residence.
    You are obviously required to immediately report your return to the Prevention Department of the competent local health authority and shall be subject to health surveillance and self-isolation, and to promptly report the development of any symptoms of Covid-19 infection to the healthcare services.

  37. Are foreign nationals required to observe the same travel limitations as Italian citizens?

    Yes, the restrictions to travel and movement apply to all persons in or entering/exiting Italy, regardless of their nationality.

  38. Can I travel to my workplace, even if operations there have been closed or suspended?

    According to the new April 10 Decree, employees, or any other specifically designated persons, may travel to the business or construction site where they work, albeit solely for surveillance and inspection, preservation and maintenance purposes, for managing payments, or for cleaning and sanitisation, and always subject to prior notice being given to the Prefect. From April 14, businesses are also allowed to ship warehoused goods and to receive deliveries of goods and supplies, also subject to prior notice being given to the Prefect. Therefore, travel to and from home and work, in the case of businesses that have been temporarily closed, is allowed solely in connection with the above mentioned activities, as well as for emergencies, albeit strictly for the time required to deal with the emergency. All the above circumstances must be proven by means of a self-certification form, providing all the necessary information about the necessary work or emergency, for subsequent inspection purposes.

  39. I have recently returned to Italy and am in self-isolation, subject to supervision by the health authorities (for a 14-day period), in my home or other dwelling specified on entering the country. Can I move elsewhere during the isolation period?

    Yes, you may move to another dwelling, other than the one specified to the health authorities, during the period of self-isolation and supervision, provided, however, that you do not have any COVID-19 symptoms. From the moment you move to the new dwelling, you will be required to spend another 14-day isolation period in the new dwelling (if you decide to move, the isolation period spent in your former dwelling shall not be counted). Before moving, you must contact the competent health authorities and specify the full address of the new dwelling you are moving to, the private means of transport used to travel to the new dwelling, the route you intend to take, and a commitment to strictly comply with the applicable contagion containment measures, also in connection with travel to and settling down in the new dwelling. The health authorities shall then forward this information to the prevention department of the competent health authority of destination, for the necessary checks and inspections.

  40. I have accompanied a sick person to the hospital emergency department (DEA/PS). Can I remain in the waiting room?

    No, persons accompanying a patient to the emergency department (DEA/PS) are not allowed to remain in the waiting room, unless otherwise authorised by the medical staff.

  41. I am a relative or friend of a patient hospitalised in a long-term care ward or care home (RSA) or hospice or rehabilitation facility for elderly or (non-) independent patients. Am I allowed to visit?

    Visits by family members or friends to patients in long-term care facilities or care homes are allowed only if and as authorised by the management. We therefore recommend you contact the facility or home beforehand, and enquire about the visiting conditions, if any.

  42. I need to travel, for reasons justified by the Decree, but do not have a car or am unable to drive. Can I ask another person to accompany me?

    Yes. If you do not have a car or a driving license or are unable to drive for any reason you may ask a relation or other person to accompany you to and from your home, also in view of the need to limit the use of public transport as far as possible. In this case, you will be required to follow the shortest possible route to reach your destination. Two or more passengers are allowed to travel by car only if the social distancing rule of at least one metre can be complied with (the passenger may sit in the back seat) and it is not allowed to travel in two on a motorcycle, given that the social distancing rule cannot be complied with. These restrictions do not apply in the case of cohabiting persons. If the above conditions are complied with, the accompanying person shall also be allowed to travel. People travelling for the above mentioned reasons should always keep in mind that they may be required, if stopped and checked by law enforcement officers, to justify their reasons for travelling and to prove the condition of cohabitation with the co-traveller, by means of a self-certification form.

  43. I live in a mountain/hilly area or by the sea/lake/river. Can I go for a walk in the mountain or by the sea, lake or river?

    Yes. Everybody is allowed to engage in physical exercise near their home, or place of abode since March 22, 2020, and if you live in a mountain/hilly area or by the sea, lake or river, you may also engage in physical exercise there (including swimming in the sea, river or lake) provided that you are alone, or observe social distancing of at least one metre from anybody else, at all times, and provided that you are not subject to quarantine restrictions or have tested positive to Covid-19, in which case you are strictly forbidden to leave your home or place of quarantine. This is allowed because these are open areas, while parks and other green spaces inside cities, as well as bathing establishments of any kind, are still strictly closed to the public. Remember that, in any case, you are allowed to engage in physical exercise within a short distance from your home, in places that can be reached by a short walk, without using any public or private means of transport. Remember also that you must comply with any stricter local measures justified by specific local needs. Self-certification is required at all times, if stopped and checked, even if you engage in physical exercise near your home.

  1. Where can I find information on the Government's Covid-19 containment measures for disabled persons?

    Specific updates relating to disabled persons can be found on the website of the Office for Disability Policies. The website, which also contains an accessible guide by the Ministry of Health, features a FAQs section on the Government measures for disabled persons and their families and carers.

  2. My child has a learning, intellectual or relational disability (e.g. autism) and therefore needs to go out every now and then, because a prolonged period indoors could worsen his/her health conditions. In this case, am I allowed to take him/her out?
  3. Yes, provided that you do not move far from your home and observe social distancing at all times, to prevent infection (all recreational activities and gatherings are strictly banned). You may walk in the proximity of your home and engage in physical exercise. It is advised to carry a document attesting the disabled person's condition or specific needs (for example, a certificate by a medical practitioner or care facility), although this is not mandatory. In this case, you are allowed to accompany the person (regardless of their age), provided that this is strictly for reasons of necessity or health needs alone.

    You may find more FAQs concerning disabled persons at the following link.

  1. Are there restrictions in place for hauliers?

    There are no travel restrictions for hauliers. All goods (not just essential goods) may travel across the country. Haulage is considered a valid work requirement therefore hauliers are allowed to travel, albeit only for delivering or collecting goods.

  2. Are goods couriers allowed to travel?

    Yes, they are free to travel.

  3. I work as a haulier. Do any specific restrictions apply to my job?

    No, there are no restrictions to haulage travel and to the loading/unloading of goods.

  4. Are there limitations on non-scheduled public transport?

    The Presidents of the Regions are authorised to reduce scheduled and unscheduled local public transport services, for the necessary sanitisation purposes, while ensuring minimum essential services. Likewise, the Ministry of Infrastructure and Transport may restrict regional/national bus, rail, flight and ferry services.

  5. Do any restrictions apply to air, rail and sea travel?

    Yes, all domestic and international land, sea, inland waterway and air transport services have been either limited, reduced or stopped altogether. More information is available at the website of the Ministry of Infrastructure and Transport. In any case, before setting out on any journey you are advised to check for information at the website of the transport service provider.

    Please be reminded that all travel within the country, with any scheduled or unscheduled means of transport, is allowed solely for work requirements, health needs or other reasons of absolute necessity and with a self-certification document, using the form available for download at the Interior Ministry website. Regarding travel from or to Italy, reference should be made to the dedicated information section at the website of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation.

  6. Can persons who work in repairing and maintaining railway, tram, trolleybus and underground railway rolling stock continue working?

    See the same FAQ in the "Manufacturing, professional and service activities" section.

  1. May smart working be used by employers for all their employees?

    Yes. Streamlined and temporary procedures have been put into place to allow smart working and there are no limitations in this respect, also considering that the rules in force before this health emergency did not provide for any special restrictions concerning the number of employees allowed to use smart working.

  2. Will smart working be required until the end of the state of emergency?

    Smart working has become the standard form of work in the public sector, during the coronavirus health emergency, until the end of the emergency, or any other earlier date that may be proposed by the Ministry for Public Administration and established by decree of the President of the Council of Ministers (for more information on smart working, see article 87 of Decree Law 18/2020, called “Cura Italia”). The new April 10 Decree specifies that smart working measures may be applied to all employees, regardless of the individual employment contract provisions, and that the related information obligations may be complied with online, using the documents made available on the INAIL website. In the private sector, smart working may be applied to seriously disabled employees, or to employees with a seriously disabled dependent family member. Priority, with regard to smart working applications, shall be accorded to private sector employees affected by serious illnesses and reduced capacity to work.

  3. Given the current circumstances, has smart working become a priority? Are public sector employers required to adopt all the necessary arrangements for enabling their staff to work from home?

    Yes. Until the end of the COVID-19 emergency, smart working is to be considered the standard work arrangement, therefore the public sector should reconsider any previous arrangements for working from home to include any activities that had formerly been excluded. If no smart working arrangements can be made, the public sector employer shall strive to adopt alternative arrangements, such as, for example, using up any untaken holidays, in accordance with the nationwide collective bargaining regulations. In any case, in-office work shall be strictly limited to the handling of emergency situations or other activities that cannot be postponed. All public sector employers are required to ensure compliance with this rule, also for the purpose of protecting the health and safety of employees.

  4. Are public sector employers required to provide for a formal smart working authorisation process?

    No. To ensure the broadest possible application of the smart working arrangement, public sector employers shall minimise red tape and adopt streamlined temporary authorisation processes (for example, using emails rather than forms or lengthy administrative processes).

  5. Are public sector employees required to apply for smart work?

    No. Smart working is now the standard work arrangement for all public sector employees and is therefore directly adopted by all public sector employers. All public sector employers shall adopt streamlined temporary smart working arrangements, also by minimising red tape and speeding the authorisation processes, to ensure their broadest possible implementation (for example, using emails rather than forms or lengthy administrative processes).

  6. Are public sector employees working from home required to report daily on work progress?

    Public sector employers, at their own discretion, are free to require their employees to report on the work done - by compiling a form or sending in a summary account - either on a daily basis or for a more extended period.

  7. Are public sector employers allowed to forgo the terms of individual agreements, information and communication requirements, in relation to mandatory occupational accident and sickness insurance?

    Yes. Under the new measures for the prevention and management of COVID-19, public sector employers shall ensure the ordinary performance of smart working arrangements also by waiving the terms of individual agreements, information and communication requirements pursuant to articles 18 to 23 of Law 81/2017. In detail, public sector employers may therefore waive the terms of individual agreements (art. 18, Law 81/2017), the provision of information in writing about the general and special risks involved in the specific form of employment (art. 22, Law 81/2017), and communications relating to mandatory insurance covering occupational accidents and sickness (art. 23, Law 81/2017).

  8. Is workplace presence essential in the case of all urgent activities?

    No. Directive 2/2020 by the Ministry for Public Administration clearly provides that all urgent activities may be carried out either at the workplace, even if only for a limited period of time and by the members of a small work team, or from home.

  9. Can public sector employees on trial also work from home?

    Yes, given that smart working has become the standard working arrangement for the entire public sector until the end of the COVID-2019 health emergency. Therefore, employees hired on a trial basis shall be assessed with regard to the flexible work provided under the smart working arrangement. Public sector employers must guarantee that the smart working arrangements shall not penalise employees, in respect of the acknowledgement of professional skills and for career purposes (art. 14, Law 124/2015).

  10. Are employees working from home automatically entitled to meal vouchers?

    No. Public sector employers, under the applicable employment regulations and contracts, are responsible for providing for the employment organisation and rules, which also includes entitlement to meal vouchers. Therefore, each employer shall decide on whether to grant meal vouchers to employees working from home, after consulting with the trade union organisations.

  11. Will public or private sector employers be required to make available the necessary smart working tools for all their employees?

    No. If the public or private sector employer is unable to provide the necessary tools employees may use their own IT equipment. However, (public or private sector) employers shall be required to adopt all the organisational and management measures required to ensure smart working, on an ordinary basis.

  12. Can public sector employees be exempted from work, under article 87(3) of DL 18/2020, while awaiting for the public sector employer to make available the necessary smart working tools?

    Public sector employees may work from home using any IT equipment available to them, regardless of whether it has been provided by the employer (art. 87(2), DL 18/2020). If no smart working tools tools are available, the public sector employer shall be justified in exempting staff from work only through all available alternative measures, such as unused holiday entitlements, leave, time banking, shifts and other similar arrangements, albeit in accordance with the relevant collective bargaining regulations (art. 87(3), DL 18/2020).

  13. If a public sector employer fails to establish which urgent work requires the physical presence of staff members, are employees automatically authorised not to turn up to work while awaiting the assignment of smart working duties?

    Each public sector employer is responsible for managing its employees and applying the urgent measures for the prevention and management of COVID-19, including the obligation to establish any urgent activities, as well as any operations for managing the health emergency. Therefore, all public sector employers are required to provide for the relevant work processes, and to notify their employees, in a simple way, as a result of which employees shall not be automatically authorised not to turn up to work.

  14. Can smart working arrangements provide for updates and training?

    Yes. Public sector employers may put into place smart working information and training activities, in order not to isolate employees from the work environment and emergency management processes.

  15. Can public sector employers require employees working from home to ensure workplace attendance on a rota basis?

    Yes. Urgent emergency management activities may be carried out through smart working arrangements and workplace attendance. Therefore, public sector employers shall be required to establish which activities can be carried out through smart working, as a standard arrangement, and those which necessarily require workplace attendance, the latter being organised on a rota basis to ensure the presence of a small team of staff at the workplace. The rota system may also be implemented on an alternate basis to smart working.

  16. Is it possible to organise workplace attendance activities on the basis of telephone appointments with members of the public?

    See the same FAQ in the "Public Offices" section.

  17. If a staff member in a public office comes down with a temperature, will they be considered on ordinary sick leave or will the Decree apply and the sick days deducted from the overall sick leave entitlement?

    The ordinary sick leave rules shall apply. If it is found, later on, that the employee has to be placed in quarantine or has been infected with Covid-19, the sick days shall not be deducted from the sick leave entitlement.

  18. I'm a public employee and would like to use smart working, which tools do I have?

    The new measures seek to encourage smart working by streamlining eligibility. It is up to each employer to identify the necessary measures for allowing the largest number of employees to use smart working tools. Employees may make a request to this effect, which will be accepted or not depending on the available facilities.

  19. If it proves impossible to use smart working, can public sector employers, regardless of any prior programming, allow their employees to use up their holiday entitlement?

    Yes, if it proves impossible to provide for smart working arrangements, public sector employers may require staff to use up any outstanding holiday entitlement, take leave, use time banking, shifts or other rota or alternative arrangements, albeit in accordance with the applicable collective bargaining rules. If no such arrangements are possible public sector employers will be justified in exempting staff from coming in to work.

  20. Do the guidelines set out in the "Common protocol regulating the measures for combating and containing the spread of Covid-19 at the workplace", signed on March 14, between the Government and the social partners, apply only to the private sector or to the public sector as well?

    The Protocol applies only to the private sector.

  21. Which measures have been put into place for any services that are not classified as essential services and which do not allow the use of smart working, such as archive staff, non-clerical staff members, drivers and other ancillary personnel, if they have used up their holiday entitlement accrued at March 12, 2020?

    Where all accrued holiday entitlements - in any form or manner under Italian law - have already been used up, and in accordance with the relevant collective bargaining rules, and the employees are unable to use smart working, the absence from work of the said employees, as a result of the introduction of the emergency measures for containing the Covid-19 epidemic, shall be considered, for all legal intents and purposes, pursuant to article 19(3) of DL 9/2020, to which reference should be made.
    In any case, the employer shall not pay any meal allowances, if applicable.

  22. If it proves impossible to use smart working, can private sector employers, regardless of any prior programming, allow their employees to use up their holiday entitlement?

    Yes, if it proves impossible to provide for smart working arrangements, private sector employers may require staff to use up any outstanding holiday entitlement, albeit in accordance with the applicable collective bargaining rules.

  23. Are domestic helpers, carers and babysitters included among the providers of "personal services"?

    No. Domestic helpers, carers and babysitters are not included among the types of work classified as "personal services" and may, therefore, continue to work throughout the emergency period.

  24. I'm a cross-border worker. May I use smart working?

    Yes. Whoever resides in Italy and works in a neighbouring country may use smart working, if allowed by the foreign employer and in accordance with the provisions governing the employment contract; no conditions apply to the foreign employer in Italy.
    Whoever resides abroad and works in Italy may use smart working under the same general regulations.

  25. Are there any alternative measures for workers without holiday entitlement and/or leave?

    Subject to the essential requirement of reducing the number of public-sector employees in offices and avoiding their movements, the competent authorities may adopt alternative measures in respect of any work that cannot be carried out under smart working arrangements, such as, for example, shifts, the granting of leave, time banks or the like, as well as any untaken holiday entitlement, in accordance with the national collective bargaining provisions.
    In the private sector, employers may consider the possibility of granting their employees flexible working hours, or other arrangements relating to their working hours, limitedly to the emergency period, or make use of other flexibility tools provided by collective bargaining (such as time banks) or special leave.

  1. Will public offices remain open?

    Yes, nationwide. All government-related activities shall continue as usual. In any case, almost all services are available online. However, teaching and training activities are suspended in schools, kindergartens, museums and libraries.

  2. The Decree provides that hand sanitisers must be made available to all staff members and members of the public in public offices nationwide. If such hand sanitisers are temporarily unavailable shall the office remain open?

    Public offices shall remain open in all cases. The availability of hand sanitisers is an additional precautionary measure and its temporary unavailability shall not justify closing the office. Instead, all the necessary measures must be taken to ensure supplies.

  3. Is it possible to organise workplace attendance activities on the basis of telephone appointments with members of the public?

    Yes. Directive 2/2020 by the Ministry for Public Administration highlights that services to the public shall be provided, without prejudice to the performance of urgent activities, primarily online or through any other arrangement that does not require the physical presence of any people on the premises, or requires only a limited number of people (for example, by telephone or virtual assistants). If such arrangements prove impossible to implement, access by the public to any public offices shall be staggered, subject to prior appointment, and the premises must be adequately ventilated. Public sector employers must accurately sanitise the premises and all surfaces and a suitable distance - the so-called "droplet distance" - must be observed at all times between the staff and the members of the public.

     

  1. Can shops selling groceries or other basic essentials, and which are therefore allowed to continue operating, sell other goods, such as adult's clothing, footwear, sports items, toys, etc.?

    No. The sale of goods other than farm goods, groceries and other basic essentials, as listed in Annex 1 to the April 10 Decree, is not allowed (the list also includes, inter alia, stationery, books, children's clothing). Therefore, the manager of any authorised retail outlet however called (hypermarket, supermarket, discount store, mini-market, other grocery stores and shops authorised to open) must make sure that only groceries and other essential and authorised goods are sold to the public and, therefore, prevent access by the public to any bays or shelves holding non-food or other non-essential or non-authorised goods. If this should not be possible for any reason, said goods must be removed from the shelves. This rule applies to all opening days and hours, with no exceptions whatsoever, because, under the nationwide provisions, there is no longer any difference between weekdays and holidays.

  2. Can shops selling children's and adult's clothing reopen?

    Yes, but they are allowed to sell children's clothing only and must keep the adult's clothing sections closed.

  3. Which rules apply to retailers that are still open to the public?

    The rules are set out in Annex 5 to the April 10 Decree and include, inter alia, the strict observance, at all times, of social distancing, and the cleaning and sanitisation of the premises at least twice a day, depending on the opening hours. It is also mandatory to ensure compliance with the contagion prevention measures, such as allowing the entry of one person at a time, in the case of small shops, and orderly and staggered entry in larger shops, the use of face masks and gloves by the staff and of hand sanitisers and disposable gloves by the members of the public in all grocery stores, placed near the cash registers and payment systems, and, where possible, a separate entry and exit.

  4. Can shops selling children's clothing also sell children's footwear?

    Yes, footwear is included in the umbrella term "clothing".

  5. Are medium and large-sized shops in shopping centres and markets allowed to remain open on pre-holidays and holidays?

    No, there is no longer any difference between weekdays and holidays, nor is a distinction made between shops on the basis of size. Therefore, all shops in shopping centres authorised to open and sell the goods listed in Annex 1 to the April 10 Decree, regardless of size, may open every day, provided that they only sell authorised goods only. Regarding indoor/outdoor markets, only food stalls, including those selling farm goods, are allowed to open. In any case, the social distancing rule of 1 metre must be strictly observed, at all times, also by means of staggered entry and other opening arrangements, and the formation of crowds and gatherings is strictly forbidden.

  6. Can shops, and other retail outlets, that sell goods other than groceries or basic essentials and which, therefore, are temporarily closed to the public, provide home delivery services?

    Yes, home delivery services are allowed, in accordance with the applicable health and safety regulations, with regard to both packaging and transportation, but without opening to the public. The establishment or online delivery platform responsible for organising the delivery service must ensure that the social distancing rule of at least one metre at delivery is strictly observed, at all times (the list of authorised essential goods is provided in Annex 1 to the April 10 Decree). There are no restrictions regarding the sale of goods by means of vending machines.

  7. Is it allowed to sell all goods the production of which is still permitted in retail outlets?

    No. All retail activities are regulated by Annex 1 to the April 10 Decree. The production of goods, authorised in accordance with Annex 3 to the said Decree (as updated), does not authorise their sale. However, Annex 1 also contains a list of authorised sales channels (online, TV, mail order, radio, telephone sales, vending machines).

  8. I have a site for selling goods online. Can I continue selling my goods?

    Yes, the online sale of any goods is always allowed, in accordance with Annex 1 to the April 10 Decree, also in light of the inclusion of the relevant Ateco/Nace codes of mail services, carriers and couriers among those exempted from closure.

  9. Can repair workshops and garages for motor vehicles, bicycles and motorcycles continue to operate?

    Yes, repair and maintenance activities for motor vehicles and motorcycles (mechanical workshops, body shops, tyre repair and replacement) may continue to operate since they are considered essential to the needs of the community. Similarly, maintenance and repair activities, such as the wholesale and retail sale of spare parts and accessories, are authorised.
    However, to avoid contagion, the activities must be carried out observing the following precautions:
    a) limiting contact with clients and adopting the necessary health precautions (observance of the interpersonal distance of at least one metre, use of gloves and face masks);
    b) encouraging, where possible, mail order and internet sales of spare parts and accessories.

  10. I am a retailer of electronic cigarettes and liquid inhalation products, and I operate a small neighbourhood shop. Which system applies to my category?

    The resale of electronic cigarettes and liquid inhalation products is one of the types of shops excluded from the obligation of suspension and/or closure. It falls within the definition of sales of smokers' products. The sale of electronic cigarettes and liquid inhalation products is allowed both if carried out in ordinary tobacconists and in neighbourhood shops other than tobacconists, provided that they are specialised in the exclusive sale of electronic cigarettes and liquid inhalation products.

  11. I am a seller of pet products and food. May I continue operating?

    Yes, you may continue to operate in pet shops specialising in pet products and pet food.

  12. Are herbal shops included among the businesses required to close under the March 11 Decree?

    No. The sale of herbal medicine is equivalent to the sale of personal hygiene or food products.

  13. Are all retail outlets serving food and beverages of any kind, whether for eating in and/or taking away (such as rotisseries, piadinerie, fried food outlets, ice cream shops, pastry shops, pizzerias) required to remain closed?

    Yes, all such outlets are closed. Home delivery services are allowed, in accordance with the applicable health and safety regulations, with regard to both packaging and transportation. The persons responsible for organising the food delivery - whether the restaurant or online platform - must ensure that the interpersonal distance of at least one metre at delivery is complied with.

  14. Which type of retail outlets serving food and beverages are allowed to continue operating?

    Following the entry into force of the March 20 ordinance by the Ministry of Health, only food and beverage outlets operating in hospitals and airports are allowed to remain open, provided that they can enforce the interpersonal distance rule of at least one metre at all times. Food and beverage outlets in rest and service areas on motorways may also remain open but only for take-out services. Instead, all food and beverage outlets located in railway and lake boat stations, as well as fuel stations on the ordinary road network, are required to remain closed.

  15. Can bars, cafes, restaurants, and other prepared food and beverage outlets that also sell authorised goods, such as tobacco products and newspapers/magazines, continue to remain open?

    In these retail outlets all food preparation and sale operations must be suspended, while the authorised retail activities pursuant to Annex 1 of the March 11 Decree may continue.

  16. Is the preparation and sale of pre-packaged meals to take away allowed in supermarkets, or other grocery stores?

    Yes, but only on a take away or home delivery basis. It is strictly prohibited to sell the food for eating in.

  17. Are home delivery services of food and beverages allowed by restaurants only or can other food and beverage retail outlets, such as bars or cake shops and patisseries, also provide delivery services?

    All retail establishments authorised to prepare and sell food and beverages, including farm produce, may provide home delivery services, in accordance with the applicable health and safety regulations with regard to packaging and transport. The persons responsible for organising the food delivery service - whether the restaurant staff or online platform - must ensure that the interpersonal distance of at least one metre at delivery is complied with at all times.

  18. Are retailers required to file a new SCIA (Certified Notice of Commencement of Business) or to apply for a special authorisation to continue operating by providing home delivery services?

    No, the SCIA already filed at the opening of the business or, as the case may be, the authorisation granted to operate as a business, are sufficient. For example, restaurants are allowed to deliver meals at home even if they previously did not provide this service. Obviously, all the applicable health and safety regulations must be strictly complied with (also by the person making the delivery), as well as the social distancing rule of at least one metre at delivery.

  19. Are bathing establishments required to close?

    Yes. All bathing establishments must remain or be closed, because they are classified as retail establishments for recreational and sports purposes and, by their very nature, are conducive to gatherings, interactions and community engagement.

  20. Can the owners and staff of beach establishments carry out work to maintain, clean and sanitise the premises and ensure compliance with the safety and hazard prevention regulations?

    Although beach establishments must suspend operations and remain closed to the public, the owners and staff may carry out maintenance work and clean and sanitise the premises, also to ensure compliance with the safety and hazard prevention regulations. In any case, the Covid-19 contagion containment measures in place must be observed at all times, with only a skeleton staff involved. It is advisable to provide the staff members engaged in the above mentioned operations with a statement certifying that they are needed on the premises, should they be stopped and checked.

  21. Are all catering establishments associated with manned offices and essential public services required to close?

    No, to allow the office staff to have their meals while on duty, provided that the interpersonal distance of at least one metre is complied with.

  22. Are car dealers allowed to remain open?

    No, car dealers are required to remain closed.

  23. The new March 22 Decree adopted by the Government provides for the ongoing production, transportation, sale and delivery of farm and food products, amongst others. Is the sale of seeds, ornamental plants and flowers, potted plants, fertilisers, soil improvement products and other similar products still allowed?

    Yes, it is allowed, because article 1(1)(f) of the March 22 Decree expressly provides for the production, transportation and sale of "agricultural products", therefore also allowing the retail sale of seeds, ornamental plants and flowers, potted plants, fertilisers, etc.. Moreover, these activities are included among the production and retail trade operations specifically included in Annex 1 to the Decree under the ATECO (NACE) code 1 "crop and animal production". Consequently, retail outlets trading in these products may remain open, provided that they can enforce and comply with the applicable Covid-19 health and safety regulations.

  24. I own a farm business with permission to sell produce direct to consumers, located in a small rural commune with a population of about 1,500. The restrictions on travel from one commune to another prevent my customers from coming to the farm shop. Can I continue operating by setting up a point of sale in a different commune from where my farm is located, in accordance with the applicable health and safety regulations?

    See the same FAQ in the "AGRICULTURE & FISHERY" section.

  25. Can I sell groceries in public spaces other than markets?

    No. Regarding retail trade of groceries in public spaces, the April 10 Decree allows such trade only in markets. The sale of groceries in public spaces other than markets is forbidden (such as, on public beaches, on roadside stalls or in the form of mobile retailers).

  1. Are professional firms and activities required to remain closed?
  2. No, the Decree does not provide for the closure of manufacturing plants or professional firms. In any case, it is strongly recommended to use smart or remote working, as far as possible, or to encourage employees to take holiday entitlement or grant paid leave, in accordance with the collective bargaining provisions.

  3. Are private healthcare facilities, including dental practices and clinics, continue to operate?

    Yes, but exclusively for treatments that cannot be postponed and strictly by appointment, to avoid crowded waiting rooms. The healthcare professionals and operators shall strictly observe the contagion prevention guidelines, allowing access to one patient at a time and using the relevant personal protective equipment.

  4. Does the suspension also apply to call centres?

    No. However, the use of smart working is encouraged and, in any case, the health and safety prevention and protection rules laid down by the competent health and civil protection authorities must be complied with.

  5. Are shipping companies and customs clearance agencies required to remain closed? Are mail delivery or logistics companies required to remain closed, not being manufacturing companies?

    No, all these activities may operate as usual. However, it is strongly recommended to use smart or remote working, as far as possible, or to encourage employees to take holiday entitlement or grant paid leave, or other collective bargaining provisions.

  6. Can the repair and maintenance staff of rolling stock and vehicles for railway and public transport companies continue working?

    Yes. Repair and maintenance activities may continue to be carried out, as expressly authorised by Annex 3 to the April 10 Decree (Ateco/Nace code 33).

  7. Are vehicle rental companies (including those associated with the food supply chain) required to stop operating?

    No, they are allowed to operate, but must observe the measures and requirements for combating and containing the spread of COVID-19. Obviously, the driver of a rental vehicle is required to observe all the relevant travel and movement rules (see the Travel & Movement FAQs).

  8. Are driving schools and motor vehicle consultants considered similar to "insurance companies"? Are they allowed to continue operating?

    Driving schools are required to suspend all teaching activities, except distance teaching. However, they may continue to carry out other activities (agency, insurance and other similar services). Motor vehicle consultants may also continue to provide their services, including insurance-related services. 

  9. Can private firms dealing with vehicle paperwork and other related documents (so-called "agenzie di pratiche auto") continue to operate?

    These firms may continue to operate only if organised on a smart working basis.

  10. Are real estate agencies considered an essential service?

    Real estate agencies are not considered an essential service and are required to remain closed.

  11. Are professional activities associated with essential services allowed to operate? (For example, an accounting firm working for a haulier)

    Professional firms are not required to remain closed. Therefore, an accounting firm may continue to work for a haulier or any other client. However, it is strongly recommended to use smart or remote working, as far as possible, or to encourage employees to take holiday entitlement or grant paid leave, or other collective bargaining provisions.

  12. Are professional practices, including building management firms, required to remain closed if they operate as businesses?

    All professional practices are allowed to continue operating, regardless of how they are carried out, because their nature prevails over their manner of performance. Article 2(2) of the April 10 Decree provides that a professional practice, even if suspended, may continue to operate provided that home or smart working arrangements have been adopted (which also applies to building management businesses).

  13. Are urgent home repair works allowed ?

    Only if strictly necessary.

  14. Can only live-in domestic helpers, carers and babysitters continue working?

    Domestic helpers, carers and babysitters may continue to work, regardless of whether they are live-in or live-out, because these services are included in Annex 3 to the April 10 Decree (Ateco/Nace code 97 - Activities of households as employers of domestic personnel).

  15. Is the list of personal services mandatory?

    Yes, the list of authorised services is mandatory.

  16. Can I travel to a business establishment or building site, even if it is closed or work there has been suspended?

    See the same FAQ in the "Travel & movement" section.

  17. Can the owner of a business, or other authorised person, visit their business premises or building site, to check on any goods or equipment stored there and for safety reasons?

    This is allowed in urgent cases only, to determine the regular operation of any powered or pressure equipment (such as hydraulic systems) or similar situations, to prevent any further damage.

  18. Maintenance workers are of critical importance for a business facility. Which measures apply not to outsourced but in-house maintenance staff?

    If the maintenance services are provided by in-house staff, this should be specified in the relevant documents (such as the "DVR", i.e. risk assessment document), also because in-house maintenance staff should possess the necessary qualifications and training. If such staff members are required to visit the business facility for urgent reasons this specific information should be included in the self-certification document.

  19. If a business has been closed, can its administrative offices and, generally speaking, any back office activities that cannot be carried out remotely, continue to be manned and operated?

    Businesses that have been required to suspend their activities and close their offices may nevertheless continue to carry out any activities, on the premises, that are deemed absolutely necessary and which cannot be postponed, provided that they have no connection whatsoever with the manufacturing processes (for the payment of wages and salaries, payment of suppliers, acquisition of any necessary documents); in this case the number of staff at work must be reduced to the bare minimum and the health and safety measures for preventing COVID-19 contagion strictly observed at all times. Employers are advised to issue the staff members with a declaration stating that they are needed at the workplace, should they be stopped and checked while travelling to/from work.

  20. If a business has been closed, can a small team of staff members nevertheless carry on working there to ensure continued safety, risk control, supervision, cleaning and sanitisation of the premises and maintenance functions?

    Businesses that have been required to suspend their activities and close their offices may nevertheless continue to keep a small team of staff members on the premises to carry out supervisory, maintenance and risk control functions. In any case, and without prejudice to the precautionary measures in place, the number of staff assigned to the above mentioned activities must be limited as far as possible and must not include any personnel engaged in manufacturing processes. Employers are advised to issue the staff members with a declaration stating that they are needed at the workplace, should they be stopped and checked while travelling to/from work.

  21. Critical supply chains refer to the Italian manufacturing system. But what happens if a non-critical facility is engaged in producing goods for a critical European entity (e.g. hospitals). Is it allowed to remain open?

    In the case of manufacturing activities, the national rules apply: all goods that can be manufactured for the domestic market, may also be manufactured for foreign markets. The supply chain, whether upstream (raw materials and semi-finished goods, ancillary services) or downstream (sale and transportation), may be in any one of three circumstances: (1) it falls within any of the allowed Ateco/Nace codes (for example, the transportation or production of chemical products) or is a continuous cycle production: no restrictions apply; (2) it does not fall within any allowed Ateco/Nace codes, but is related to a permitted supply chain: it may remain open only in connection with the relevant supply chain, subject to notification to the Prefect and until the latter decides otherwise; (3) it does not fall within any allowed Ateco/Nace code: if it needs to continue manufacturing it may request a waiver, pursuant to point 2 above. Obviously, all activities that may be carried out under smart or remote working arrangements are allowed to continue.

  22. The core business of my company is not included among the specified ATECO/NACE codes, but one of my secondary operations is, for which I am therefore authorised to continue operating. Am I required to notify the Prefect to this effect?

    No, this is unnecessary because the activity is among the essential activities specified in the annex. It is necessary to notify the Prefect to continue carrying on the activities not included among the Ateco/Nace codes set out in the annex, if necessary for continuing one of the prioritarily and absolutely guaranteed supply chains, and it is precisely on this necessity that the Prefect's assessments shall focus.

  23. Can businesses performing the activities listed in the attachment or providing essential services of public benefit or producing, transporting, selling or delivering pharmaceutical products, healthcare technology or medical and surgical devices or farm goods and food products continue operating with foreign clients?

    Yes. Given that the COVID-19 emergency is a global emergency, as highlighted in the introduction of the April 10 Decree, and that the Decree does not establish any geographical restrictions to the provision of essential services, including those conducive to tackling the emergency, pursuant to article 2(5) of the Decree, and the essential services of public benefit, they may be delivered to both Italian and foreign clients.

  24. Can businesses performing functional activities continue operating with foreign clients?

    Yes. Given that the COVID-19 emergency is a global emergency, as highlighted in the introduction of the April 10 Decree, and that the Decree does not establish any geographical restrictions to the provision of essential services, they may be delivered to both Italian and foreign clients

  25. Can businesses producing cosmetics and personal hygiene products continue to operate?

    Yes, because the sale of personal hygiene products is allowed.

  26. My business is not included among those that may continue to operate. However, I have stocks of goods and also sell my goods online. Do any restrictions apply to online sales, in Italy and abroad? Can my warehouse and shipping staff access the business premises?

    TheApril 10 Decree allows retail sales via any kind of online/remote sales channel (online, telephone, etc. sales), with home delivery, provided that the business is authorised to operate via these channels. Therefore, even if a business has stopped producing goods, it may nevertheless sell any goods produced before the date of closure, via online or remote retail sales channels, provided that all the related non-remote activities are carried out in accordance with the safety measures introduced for combating the COVID-19 pandemic. Therefore:

    • administrative activities (such as order management, customer care), where possible, should be carried out by home or smart working;
    • warehousing and shipment activities, which cannot be performed remotely, shall be allowed in accordance with the said restrictions

    However, the shipment of warehoused goods and reception of incoming goods and supplies is allowed, subject to prior notice being given to the Prefect.

  27. Until when can any activities be completed before closure?

    For activities with the Ateco/Nace codes specified in the Annex to the March 22 Decree, but which had not been included in Annex 3 to the 11 April Decree, the deadline is Midnight on April 14, 2020, including the shipment of warehoused goods. In the case of activities with Ateco/Nace codes subsequently removed from the list, the deadline has been established after three days from the adoption of the Decree of the Ministry for Economic Development suspending the related activities. In the case of suspended activities, access to the business premises is allowed for surveillance and inspection, preservation and maintenance purposes, for managing payments, or for cleaning and sanitisation activities, and subject to prior notification to the Prefect. Even after the suspension of all activities, businesses are allowed to ship warehoused goods and to receive deliveries of goods and supplies, also subject to prior notification to the Prefect.

  28. Does the authorisation to continue operating for businesses operating in the aerospace and defence sectors, as well as other sectors of strategic importance for the national economy, also apply to the relevant supply chains?

    Yes, subject to prior notice being given to the Prefect, who may, however, forbid the performance of any activities that are considered to be unrelated to the supply chain.

  29. Can cement and concrete continue to be produced and sold?

    Yes, subject to prior notice to the Prefect, although only to the extent that the activities are conducive to ensuring supply chain continuity, with regard to the activities listed in Annex 3 to the April 10 Decree, including public civil engineering works (Ateco/Nace code 42) or waste collection, treatment and disposal activities (Ateco/Nace code 38). The Prefect, who may stop any further operations, if they are seen to be inconsistent with the supply chain

  30. I am not registered with the Register of Companies. Can I continue to operate my business?

    It depends on the Ateco/Nace code of your business. Reference, in fact, must always be made to the authorised Ateco/Nace code specified in Annex 3 to the April 10 Decree, as subsequently amended by ministerial decree. Therefore, you should look up the Ateco/Nace code of your core or prevalent or secondary business, in the taxpayer database of the Internal Revenue Agency (Agenzia delle Entrate).

  31. My business, besides manufacturing, also has laboratories for research and development. Can I continue the research and development activities, even though manufacturing is suspended?

    Research and development activities are expressly authorised, under the Ateco/Nace code 72, which is included in the list of authorised activities. Businesses should refer to the Ateco/Nace codes for their core and secondary operations, as registered with the Register of Companies kept by the Chamber of Commerce and, in the case businesses not so registered, as declared in your tax returns (Anagrafe Tributaria dell’Agenzia delle Entrate, the taxpayer database of the Internal Revenue Service). Therefore, even though your core business may not be authorised, at present, you might be able to continue your secondary operations. If you have not included scientific research and development activities among your core or secondary activities (Ateco/Nace code 72), under the current contagion containment measures you may only continue operations that are functional to an authorised supply chain, subject to prior notice being given to the Prefect, with the indication of the beneficiary enterprises or administrations. Furthermore, you are allowed to continue all smart or home working activities.

  32. Can a manufacturer of household appliances or telephones, whose core business is not included among the authorised Ateco/Nace codes listed in Annex 3 to the April 10 Decree, continue operating, albeit solely to manufacture components and spares for household appliances and telephones?

    Yes. Article 2(3) of the April 10 Decree, in fact, authorises any operations that are conducive to ensuring continuity of the supply chains of the activities listed in Annex 3 to the said Decree (in this case, for example, the repair and maintenance of fixed, cordless and mobile telephones, with Ateco/Nace code 95.12.01, or the repair of household appliances and home equipment, with Ateco/Nace code 95.22.01). Therefore, the company may continue to operate, albeit limitedly to the manufacturing of components and spares for household appliances and telephones, subject, however, to giving prior notice to the Prefect and specifying the companies and administrations receiving the products and services relating to the authorised activities. In any event, the activities shall comply with the provisions set out in the common protocol regulating the measures for combating and containing the spread of COVID-19 in all work environments, concluded on March 14, 2020, between the Government and the social partners.

  1. Is work allowed to continue on building sites?
  2. Yes, if related to the activities explicitly authorised under the April 10 Decree, on the basis of the relevant Ateco/Nace codes. In this regard, it should be specified that Annex 3 to the April 10 Decree refers to "civil engineering" activities, identified by Ateco/Nace code 42, which includes, by way of example only, the construction of roads, motorways and airport runways, railways and underground railways, bridges and tunnels, public utility projects for the transportation of fluids and for electricity and telecommunications, the construction of water management works and the completion of public housing projects. On March 19, the Ministry of Infrastructure and Transport agreed to an ad hoc regulation protocol with Anas S.p.a., R.F.I., ANCE, Feneal-Uil, Filca-CISL and Fillea-CGIL, for the containment of the spread of COVID-19 in building construction sites, which is available - since March 20 - on the website of the Ministry of Infrastructure and Transport.

  3. Can I travel to a business establishment or building site, even if it is closed or work there has been suspended?
  4. See "TRAVEL & MOVEMENTS".

  5. Can building activities with the Ateco/Nace code 43.2 be carried out, as instrumental to other authorised activities?

    The activities with Ateco/Nace code 43.2 be carried out, to the extent that they are conducive to ensuring the continuity of other authorised business operations, in accordance with the applicable occupational health and safety regulations and contagion containment measures. For example: where a pharmacy needs to urgently extend or alter its premises, in order to continue operating in safe conditions, it shall be allowed to do so; where an agrifood business needs to urgently implement a platform for selling its produce online or storing its produce, it may carry out any building work needed to adapt the facilities on its premises.

  1. Is the transport of live animals, animal feed and agri-food and fishery products subject to any restrictions?

    No restrictions apply to this sector.

  2. Are farmers and farm workers, including seasonal workers, subject to any work restrictions?

    No, they are not.

  3. The Decree allows all agricultural, livestock breeding, agri-food processing activities to continue operating, including the supply chains of goods and services. Does this rule apply to the fishing sector as well?

    Yes, fishing activities may also continue as normal.

  4. I own a farm business with permission to sell produce direct to consumers, located in a small rural commune with a population of about 1,500. The restrictions on travel from one commune to another prevent my customers from coming to the farm shop. Can I continue operating by setting up a point of sale in a different commune from where my farm is located, in accordance with the applicable health and safety regulations?

    Yes, subject to providing prior notice to the local authorities of the place where you intend to set up your point of sale, pursuant to article 4.4 of Legislative Decree 228/2001, provided that you are able to ensure the observance of the social distancing requirements for health purposes.

  5. The new April 10 Decree has expressly authorised the activities with the Ateco/Nace codes listed in Annex 3, including code 81.30, relating to landscape service activities. Does this include private garden maintenance?

    Yes, the care and maintenance of public and private gardens, as well as farm and rural landscape, is allowed. If you have a garden attached to a house you own, other than your principal dwelling, and located in a different commune, you will need to engage a professional providing garden maintenance services (Ateco/Nace code 81.30), since you are allowed to travel to another house you own or rent exclusively in connection with any unexpected and unforeseeable emergency (such as serious damage to the fabric of the building or to the plumbing, a break-in, etc.), and for the time strictly required to deal with the matter. However, if you own a property - however large - in an area affected by a phytosanitary emergency, you must continue to carry out the best agronomic and environmental practices and to implement the measures required by the competent phytosanitary authorities.

  6. Can I continue to farm a small (or other sized) plot of land, or an allotment, solely for self-consumption, even if it is located at a distance from my principal dwelling, or other house, or even in a different commune?

    Yes, farming land to produce food for self-consumption only is allowed (since it is an activity with Ateco/Nace code 01), however you must specify, in the self-certification form you need to fill in, when travelling or moving, that the farmland in question is in your possession, and that you are farming it for self-consumption. You must also indicate the shortest route to and from the land and your home, for verification purposes.  See the previous FAQ for vegetable gardens attached to other houses you may own, other than your principal dwelling.

  1. What does the Decree provide for schools?

    School attendance is suspended at all schools until April 3, 2020. Online and distance learning will be possible, taking into account the specific needs, in particular, of disabled students.

  2. Have all teaching and training services have been suspended for children aged 0 to 6 or older?

    Yes, to prevent any specific risks of infection, all social and teaching services provided to minors have been suspended, therefore including children and young people aged over 6 years.

  1. What does the decree provide for universities?

    Until April 3, 2020, attendance of all institutes of higher education, including universities and other arts and music institutions, vocational courses, master programmes and university programmes for elderly people is suspended. Online and distance learning will be possible, taking into account the specific needs, in particular, of disabled students. Research activities shall not be affected and shall continue as usual.

  2. Can exam and graduation sessions be held?

    Yes, exam and graduation sessions may be held, albeit prioritarily by teleconference or adopting the health and safety and organisational measures set out in the April 10 Decree; in the former case, the necessary measures must be adopted to ensure the required publicity.

  3. Will it be possible to hold student-teacher meetings and carry out other teaching-related activities?

    Yes. Doctoral programmes, student-teacher meetings, access tests, laboratory work, etc. may continue, provided that the necessary precautionary health and safety measures are put into place, or preferably by way of teleconferencing systems. Here too it shall be necessary to take into account the needs of disabled students.

  4. Are there any provisions regarding medical specialisation activities?

    The suspension of teaching activities does not include postgraduate programmes for medical and healthcare professionals, including specialisation programmes and traineeships for the healthcare and medical professions. Research activities shall not be affected and shall continue as usual.

  5. How does the Decree affect Erasmus students?

    Regarding the Erasmus+ projects, reference should be made to the instructions issued by the competent European institutions, and Erasmus students will continue to receive all useful information.

  1. Social services will remain be open (family assistance centres, drug addiction treatment centres, day care centres, homeless centres)?

    Yes, these services are not suspended.

  2. Have all community and social services (as regulated by national or regional provisions) been suspended, including day care centres for people with social problems (including canteens, personal hygiene services, etc.), food banks and other food supply services for the poor, day care centres for the elderly and disabled and family advisory centres providing specialist advice, family mediation centres, safe houses for women and neutral facilities established by the judicial authorities?

    No, only the day facilities, clubs and centres providing recreational or socialisation or entertainment activities or non-essential activities in general must remain closed. The other services and facilities mentioned in the question, which ensure basic healthcare activities or other fundamental personal rights (right to food, to healthcare, access to specialist services, etc.) may continue to operate. However, they are required to observe the interpersonal distance of at least one metre.

  3. Can non-profit organisations operating soup kitchens or providing services to marginal social groups continue operating?

    Yes. Canteens and contract catering arrangements may continue to operate, provided that the social distancing rule of at least one metre is strictly observed, at all times. The services provided by non-profit organisations although free of charge, are nevertheless included in this case. In any case, they should be coordinated by the local social services.

  4. There are social services provided by volunteer organisations, operating under agreements with the local authorities, for home-bound persons, which require the volunteers to move both within a certain commune or between neighbouring communes. These generally consist of meal delivery services for disabled or elderly people, without providing care, or for delivering drugs or other essentials, or even for dealing with paperwork or paying bills. These services are often carried out in agreement with the social services workers and, therefore, are absolutely necessary for satisfying the primary needs of the interested persons. Are social services of this sort considered a "necessity" and are the volunteers providing them allowed to move without incurring any penalties and stopping their work?

    Yes, these services may continue to be provided, subject to observance of the interpersonal distance of at least one metre, or by using the available health facilities, where this is not possible.

  1. What does the Decree provide for ceremonies and entertainment and other events?

    All events and shows are suspended nationwide, whether in public or private spaces and venues, regardless of their nature, whether cultural, games, sports, religious or trade fairs, including those carried out in indoor venues open to the public (such as, for example, cinemas, theatres, pubs, dance schools, betting shops and bingo halls, dance clubs and similar venues).

  2. Will theatres, cinemas, museums, archives, libraries and other cultural institutions be allowed to open?

    No, they shall remain closed nationwide.

  3. Are clubs and activity groups for the elderly allowed to remain open?

    No, all clubs and activity groups for independent elderly persons shall remain closed.

  4. Can I visit any places of worship?

    See the same FAQ in the "Travel & movement" section.

  5. Is it allowed to hold religious services, marriages, funerals or other civil and religious ceremonies and celebrations?

    There is a nationwide ban on all civil and religious ceremonies and celebrations - including funerals - that may give rise to gatherings. Therefore, the celebration of religious services before a gathering of faithful or of other religious rites, regardless of the religion, such as Friday prayer in mosques, Saturday service in synagogues, and Sunday services in churches is banned. Places of worship may remain open, provided that no gatherings are formed and that visitors strictly observe the interpersonal distance of no less than one metre at all times.

  6. Are burials allowed?

    Yes, provided that the interpersonal distancing rule of at least one metre is observed and avoiding any form of gathering. The 11 March Decree strictly prohibits funeral services and related activities.

     

  1. Are condominium meetings prohibited? Should they be considered gatherings?

    Yes, all condominium meetings are prohibited, unless, of course, they are carried out by teleconferencing and provided that they ensure compliance with the relevant rules governing the convocations, voting and decisions.

  2. And what about assemblies and meetings for renewing the elected bodies of any organisations?

    The rule applying to condominium meetings applies. Here too they are prohibited, unless, of course, they are carried out by teleconferencing and provided that they ensure compliance with the relevant rules governing the convocations, voting and decisions.

  1. What measures apply to the tourism in the Decree?

    There is currently a nationwide travel ban in place for tourism. Nationals and foreigners who are on holiday in the country since before the measures were introduced are allowed to travel solely to reach their permanent or temporary address; therefore, they are allowed to travel to/from a transport terminal and from there to their permanent or temporary address.

    Tourists are advised to check the availability of transport services on the Internet before setting out for the airport, railway station or port.

    Foreign tourists stranded in Italy are advised to contact their embassy or local consulate office for information about how to get back home.

  2. Are hotels, B&Bs and other accommodation facilities required to close?

    Hotels may continue to operate, albeit only to host persons authorised to travel under the current measures.
    Other accommodation facilities, like B&Bs, may continue to operate, subject to giving notice to the Prefect and only to host persons engaged in functional activities that are necessary to ensure the continuity of essential public services.

  3. Are hotels and other accommodation activities allowed to serve meals, snacks and beverages?

    The bars and restaurants operating in hotels and other accommodation facilities may continue to operate solely for the hotel guests, and in accordance with the applicable health and safety measures.

  4. Are accommodation facilities required to ask their guests to justify their reasons for travelling?

    Only the law enforcement authorities, and not accommodation facilities, are authorised to request persons to justify their reasons for travelling..

  1. Will any checkpoints be put into place to enforce compliance with the measure?

    The competent law enforcement officers - national and local police forces - will carry out checks to ensure compliance with the measures.

  2. Who may I call to report any infringements of the measures?

    Any infringements of the measures may be reported to the local police or other law enforcement agencies.

  3. Which penalties apply, since March 26, to those found in violation of the measures?

    Decree Law 19/2020, effective on March 26, provides for the application of severe and immediate sanctions to those found in breach of the COVID-19 containment measures.

    Generally speaking, a fine of between 400 and 3,000 euros shall apply to whoever breaches the measures, and up to 4,000 Euros if the breach entails the use of a vehicle.

    Retails establishments, sports facilities, recreational and entertainment venues, professional firms and businesses of any kind found in breach of the measures may incur an immediate closure order for up to 30 days. In the case of a repeat infringement the fines shall be doubled (i.e. between 800 and 6,000 Euros, or 8,000 Euros if the breach entails the use of a vehicle) and the maximum accessory sanction shall apply.

    Furthermore, the violation of a quarantine order by a person who has tested positive to Covid-19 shall entail criminal prosecution and incur a prison sentence of between 3 and 18 months and a fine of between 500 and 5,000 Euros, without the possibility of opting for on-the-spot payment (oblazione).

    In any case, if the person in breach of the said containment measures is also found to have committed an offence, they shall be criminally liable for the more serious offence. Therefore, for example, to provide false information in the self-certification document to the law enforcement officers is an offence, which entails immediate reporting to the judicial authorities, or if a person  breaches a quarantine order and goes out after having tested positive, thus spreading the disease, they may be prosecuted for a serious criminal offence (deliberately spreading a disease, manslaughter, grievous bodily harm), with a severe prison sentence or even life imprisonment.

  4. Will the sanctions appear in my criminal record?

    Administrative sanctions (i.e. the fines referred to in article 4(1) of Decree Law 19/2020) will not be recorded in your criminal record.

    Instead, the newly introduced minor offence (referred to in paragraphs 6 and 7 of article 4) will appear in your criminal record, unless you are granted any of the benefits provided by the Criminal Code articles 163 (Conditional suspension of sentence) and 175 (Non-registration of the sentence in the criminal record). In any case, the sentence shall appear in your criminal record if the relevant certificate is issued at the request of a public administration entity.



Annex 1


RETAIL BUSINESSES
Hypermarkets
Supermarkets
Discount grocery shops
Minimarkets and other non-specialised food establishments
Retail sellers of frozen products
Non-specialised retail sellers of computers, peripherals, telecommunications equipment, audio and video consumer electronics and household appliances
Retail sellers of food, beverages and tobacco in specialised stores (ATECO - codice attività economiche/economic activity code: 47.2)
Retail sellers of automotive fuel in specialised shops
Retail sellers of computer and telecommunications equipment (ICT) in specialised stores (ATECO – codice attività economiche/economic activity code: 47.4)
Retail sellers of hardware, paints, flat glass and electrical and thermo-hydraulic equipment Retail sellers of sanitary items
Retail sellers of lighting products
Retail sellers of newspapers, magazines and periodicals
Pharmacies
Retail sellers in other specialised stores of non-prescription medicinal products
Retail sellers of medical and orthopedic goods in specialised shops
Retail sellers of perfumery, toilet and personal hygiene products
Retail sellers of small pet items
Retail sellers of optical and photographic materials
Retail sellers of fuel for domestic use and heating
Retail sellers of soaps, detergents, polishes and similar products
Retail sellers of any type of product sold via the internet
Retail sellers of any type of product sold via television
Retail sellers of any type of product sold via mail order, radio or telephone
Trade by means of vending machines

Annex 2

Personal services
Laundry services and cleaning of textile and fur products Industrial laundry activity

Other laundries and dry cleaners
Funeral home services and related activities

 


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