June 1, 2020
FAQ update, following the entry into force of Decree Law 33/2020 and Dpcm of May 17, 2020
- Can I travel outside the region I live in?
Until June 2, 2020, travel outside one’s region is allowed only for proven work, urgent and essential or health reasons, in the latter case also to accompany a relative in need of assistance. From June 3 it will be possible to travel freely from one region to another of the country. However, travel between the regions may be restricted, by the Government alone (by order of the President of the Council of Ministers or the Health Minister), in relation to specific areas and to any relevant epidemiological risks.
- Are there limits for persons with symptoms of a respiratory infection and a fever above 37.5 degrees?
Persons with such symptoms are required to stay in their own home, limit social contact as much as possible, and call their doctor.
- I'm in self-isolation or subject to quarantine restrictions. Am I allowed to travel?
If you're in quarantine, or have tested positive to the coronavirus, you are strictly required to stay at home.
- If I’m away from my home or residence, can I return to it?
Yes, the decree ensures that it is always allowed to return to one’s own primary home or residence, even if it is in a different region.
- I work as a civil defence volunteer. Can I travel outside the commune where I am currently based to deal with an emergency situation?
Yes, the ban on travel outside the region you are based in does not apply to civil defence volunteers engaged in ordinary activities or in tackling the coronavirus health emergency under way (such as Italian Red Cross volunteers, for example), because civil defence operations are considered work purposes.
- I am a civilian service volunteer. Can I travel to fulfil my duties?
Yes, you can, because civilian service operations are considered "work purposes" and therefore, according to the Decree, are justified, albeit solely to/from the area concerned and for the time required by the service.
- After having returned to my home/place of residence/dwelling in a certain region, can I travel outside that region?
Until June 2, 2020, travel between regions is allowed only for proven work, urgent and essential or health reasons (see the relevant FAQ). Therefore, if you have returned to home/place of residence/dwelling from another region, you may no longer leave the region you have returned to until the ban on travel between regions is lifted, except for the reasons mentioned above.
- Can I commute to work if I live in a different region?
Travelling for work purposes is allowed, but only if you cannot work from home or take holiday entitlement or other leave arrangements.
- I am separated / divorced. Can I travel to visit my minor children?
Travel by a parent to visit or pick up minor children living with the other parent, or with a guardian, is allowed, also from one region to another. In this case, however, you must follow the shortest possible route and comply with all the health and safety requirements (regarding persons in quarantine or who have tested positive or are immune-depressed, etc.), as well as with the separation or divorce arrangements established by the court or agreed to with the other parent.
- Can I go out to a park or other public green spaces?
Yes, parks and other public green spaces are open, although visitors are required to strictly respect the ban on gatherings and to observe social distancing of at least one metre at all times.
- I have a minor child / take care of a child or other disabled or dependent person. Can I take them out to a park or other public green spaces?
Yes, minors or disabled or dependent persons require an accompanying person or carer during visits to parks or other public green spaces for exercise. There is no obligation to respect social distancing or wear a face mask when you are in the company of other members of your household. When you are with people outside your household you must wear a face mask at all times, in alternative to social distancing, except for children aged under 6 years or persons with a respiratory condition who cannot have their breathing restricted.
- Can I take my children to a public playground or recreational area?
Children are allowed into playgrounds and other outdoor recreational areas in public parks or other green spaces, accompanied by a relative, a member of their household or a child minder, to play or for recreational purposes, in accordance with the guidelines issued by the Department for Family Policy (see Annex 8 to the May 17 Decree).
- Can I travel anywhere in the country to carry out professional activities that require my physical presence, such as surveying and / or measuring land or buildings?
Yes, so long as you strictly comply with the contagion containment measures at all times. In this case you will be allowed to travel solely for work purposes, which, however, you must be able to prove, also by means of the self-certification form.
- What rules apply to travel on public transport?
The use of public transport is restricted to ensure social distancing at all times. Passengers must wear a face mask or other nose and mouth covering. Detailed rules concerning the use of public transport can be found in Annex 14 to the May 17 Decree. Passengers are also required to strictly abide by the rules issued by the local authorities and the transport staff.
- Will there be any changes to scheduled transport services?
To mitigate and slow the spread of COVID-19 across the country, all scheduled land, sea, rail, air lake and inland waterway transport services are being provided in accordance with the "Common protocol regulating the measures to counter and contain the spread of the COVID-19 virus in the transport and logistics sector" signed on March 20, 2020, in Annex 14 of the May 17 Decree, and the "Guidelines for information to users and procedures for the containment of the spread of Covid-19" referred to in Annex 15 of the said Decree.
- Can I travel in a vehicle, or other means of locomotion, with people who are not members of my household?
Yes, as long as you can observe the same social distancing rule that applies to all non-scheduled transport: i.e. the driver must be alone at the front of the vehicle, with no more than two passengers per row of seats behind and all passengers must wear a face mask. Passengers are allowed not to wear a face mask only if there is a (plexiglass or other) protection barrier between the front and back rows of seats, in which case there must be only the driver in the front of the vehicle and only one passenger at the back. None of these rules apply, however, if the occupants of the vehicle are all members of the same household.
- I have accompanied a sick person to the hospital emergency department (DEA/PS). Can I remain in the waiting room?
No, persons accompanying a patient to the emergency department (DEA/PS) are not allowed to remain in the waiting room, unless otherwise authorised by the medical staff.
- I am a relative or friend of a patient hospitalised in a long-term care ward or care home (RSA) or hospice or rehabilitation facility for elderly or (non-) independent patients. Am I allowed to visit?
Visits by family members or friends to patients in long-term care facilities or care homes are allowed only if and as authorised by the management. We therefore recommend you contact the facility or home beforehand, and enquire about the visiting conditions, if any.
- What are the rules governing international travel?
For information regarding international travel, please consult the website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation.
- How will travel to and from abroad change from June 3?
From June 3, people will be allowed to travel freely from and to the following States:
- Member States of the European Union (besides Italy, the following are EU Member States: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Croatia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the Czech Republic);
- States party to the Schengen Agreement (non-EU States party to the Schengen Agreement are: Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland);
- United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland;
- Andorra, Principality of Monaco;
- Republic of San Marino and Vatican City State.
From 3 June, persons travelling to Italy from these countries will no longer be required to self-isolate under the supervision of the health authorities for 14 days, unless they have stayed in other Countries during a 14-day period prior to entering Italy. For example, persons travelling to Italy from France on June 14 will be required to self-isolate only if they travelled to France from the United States, for example, on June 4; however, they will not be required to self-isolate if they travelled to France from the United States prior to May 30, or if they stayed in Germany between May 31 and June 13. Between June 3 and 15, the same rules applying until June 2 to travel to from abroad shall continue to apply to travel to and from States other than those listed above (see the previous FAQ). For more information visit the website of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation.
- Which rules apply to cross-border workers?
Cross-border workers are allowed to leave and re-enter the country, using either private vehicles or public transport to / from their workplace and home, and may prove their work reasons in any way, including self-certification or other documents showing that they work in a bordering country (see previous FAQs). Under Community rules, the term 'cross-border worker' means an employee, or self-employee, who works in one Member State and resides in another, to which he or she returns as a rule daily or at least once a week. For example, someone who works in Switzerland but resides in Italy, provided that he or she returns home, to Italy, at least once a week.
- Are foreign nationals required to observe the same travel limitations as Italian citizens?
Yes, the restrictions to travel and movement apply to all persons in or entering/exiting Italy, regardless of their nationality.
- Will public or private sector employers be required to make available the necessary smart working tools for all their employees?
No. If the public or private sector employer is unable to provide the necessary tools employees may use their own IT equipment. However, (public or private sector) employers shall be required to adopt all the organisational and management measures required to ensure smart working, on an ordinary basis.
- Can refresher and training courses be provided by means of agile working?
Yes. Refresher and training courses be provided by means of agile working.
- Do the guidelines set out in Annex 12 to the May 17 Decree, “Common protocol regulating the measures to counter and contain the spread of the Covid-19 virus in the workplace”, apply to the Public Administration as well as the private sector?
The Protocol applies only to the private sector.
- The Decree provides that hand sanitisers must be made available to all staff members and members of the public in public offices nationwide. If such hand sanitisers become difficult to procure and, therefore, are temporarily unavailable, shall the offices be allowed to remain open?
Public offices should remain open in all cases. Hand sanitisers are a further precautionary measure and their temporary unavailability does not justify closing the office. Instead, all the necessary measures must be adopted to ensure a regular supply.
- Is it possible to organise workplace attendance activities on the basis of telephone appointments with members of the public?
Yes. Directive 2/2020 by the Ministry for Public Administration highlights that services to the public shall be provided, without prejudice to the performance of urgent activities, primarily online or through any other arrangement that does not require the physical presence of any people on the premises, or requires only a limited number of people (for example, by telephone or virtual assistants). If such arrangements prove impossible to implement, access by the public to any public offices shall be staggered, subject to prior appointment, and the premises must be adequately ventilated. Public sector employers must accurately sanitise the premises and all surfaces and a suitable distance - the so-called "droplet distance" - must be observed at all times between the staff and the members of the public.
- Which rules apply to the retailers who are allowed to open?
The relevant rules are set out in Annex 11 to the May 17 Decree: strict observance, at all times, of the social distancing and personal and environmental hygiene rules, with sanitisation operations to be carried out at least twice a day on the premises, depending on the opening hours. Furthermore, the relevant contagion prevention measures must be applied at all times, such as allowing only one customer in at a time, in small establishments, or regulated and staggered access, in the larger establishments, ensuring that the staff wear face masks and gloves and that customers in supermarkets use hand sanitisers and disposable gloves, near the cash registers, check-out counters and card payment devices, and, where possible, providing for separate entry and exit points.
For more information visit the website of the Ministry of Economic Development
- How should craft and ordinary restaurants, cafes and eateries operate their home delivery / takeaway services?
The home delivery of food and beverages must strictly comply with the applicable health and safety requirements, with regard to both packaging and transport, and observing social distancing at delivery of at least one metre. The same applies to takeaway food and beverages (such as, for example, ice cream cones, coffee, pizza slices, etc.), which cannot be consumed on or near the premises to avoid gatherings. Therefore, to ensure compliance with social distancing, customers must either be served from a table placed near the door of the outlet or allowed inside the premises on a staggered basis, or else by adopting a queue management system or "order and pickup" arrangements.
- Can restaurants and catering businesses provide drive-through services?
Yes, provided that social distancing of at least one metre is strictly observed at all times and that the food is taken away from the premises and that customers do not stop and form gatherings in the vicinity of the restaurant.
- Can I visit a property for sale or to let?
Yes. However, clients and estate agents visiting a property for sale or to let are required to wear personal protective equipment, such as a face mask and disposable gloves, and to strictly observe social distancing at all times and, preferably to schedule the visit when the property is empty or vacant.
- Are bathing establishments required to remain closed?
Bathing establishments may open to the public subject to the prior determination, by the competent regional and autonomous provincial authorities, of the compatibility of their activities and services with the local epidemiological situation and trends, and to the definition of protocols or guidelines suited to preventing or mitigating the risk of contagion in the relevant or related sectors. The protocols or guidelines shall be adopted by the regional governments, or the Conference of regions and autonomous provinces, in accordance with the May 17 Decree and, in any case, consistently with the criteria set out in its Annex 10. Here too the guiding principle shall be social distancing of one metre, on both serviced and unserviced beaches, according to the rules adopted by the regions and aimed at preventing or mitigating contagion, however taking into account the characteristics of the beach, the presence of infrastructure and mobility. In any case, the protocols or guidelines by the regions shall focus on:
- access to and movements within the bathing establishment;
- access by external suppliers;
- the use of common spaces, subject to the specific requirements applying to the sale of food and beverages and restaurant activities;
- the distribution and distancing of the spaces assigned to the bathers;
- the health and safety measures put into place for the staff and bathers;
- the rules governing recreational and sports activities;
- the shuttle services provided for guests;
- the health and safety and risk prevention information to guests and staff members within the bathing establishments;
- access to unserviced beaches.
- Can TV shows be taped or aired in front of a live studio audience?
Yes, in accordance with the applicable health and safety regulations and as long as social distancing may be observed, at all times, between all those taking part, whether audience members, guests and studio crew. If, for production reasons, it proves impossible to respect social distancing of at least one metre, at all times, between the persons present in the studio, then everyone must wear a face mask. In any case, the relevant professional protocols and rules issued by the competent government departments shall apply to the artistic staff and crew members.
- Can I practice physical or sports activity?
Yes, outdoor physical and sports activity is allowed. Children and non-independent disabled persons may be accompanied by a minder or carer. The social distancing rule of two metres, in the case of sports activities, or one metre, in the case of plain physical exercise, must be observed at all times and all types of gatherings are to be strictly avoided. If necessary, you may use public transport or a private vehicle to travel to the place you wish to practice in. Until June 2, 2020, however, you are not allowed to travel outside the region you live in, to practice physical or sports activity.
- Can I go to the gym/swimming pool?
Generally speaking, the practice of physical and sports activity in gyms, health clubs, fitness centres, health spas, whether public or private, or in other facilities for achieving fitness and wellness, is allowed from May 25, 2020, subject to the observance of social distancing and avoiding gatherings at all times. Specific guidelines have been issued, in this respect by the Office for Sports, after consulting with the Italian sports medicine federation FMSI, subject to any further operational guidelines being issued by the competent regional and autonomous provincial authorities. The Regions and Autonomous Provinces may therefore decide to bring forward or postpone the opening date for physical and sports activity, subject to determination of the compatibility of this activity with the local epidemiological situation and trends, and to the definition of protocols or guidelines suited to preventing or mitigating the risk of contagion in the relevant or related sectors; the said protocols or guidelines shall be adopted by the regional governments, or the Conference of regions and autonomous provinces, in accordance with the principles laid down in the nationwide protocols or guidelines.
- Can exam and graduation sessions be held?
Yes, exam sessions may be held in person, as long as the relevant premises and organisation are suited to mitigating the risk of proximity, as far as possible, and to avoiding gatherings, and appropriate organisational and prevention and protection measures are put into place, adapted to higher education and research environments, also taking into account the specific needs of disabled persons, in accordance with the «"Technical document on the possible reshaping of the measures for the containment of SARS-CoV-2 contagion in the workplace and relevant prevention strategies" published by the INAIL. If it proves impossible to implement these measures, or if the presence of students is not required, teleconferencing arrangements may be made, in which case the necessary publicity measures must be adopted.
- Are there any changes regarding research and higher training activities allowed (such as traineeships, experimental research and laboratory and/or teaching activities and exercise)?
These activities may be resumed and carried out with the physical presence of the persons involved, as long as the relevant premises and organisation are suited to mitigating the risk of proximity, as far as possible, and to avoiding gatherings, and appropriate organisational and prevention and protection measures are put into place, adapted to higher education and research environments, also taking into account the specific needs of disabled persons, in accordance with the «"Technical document on the possible reshaping of the measures for the containment of SARS-CoV-2 contagion in the workplace and relevant prevention strategies" published by the INAIL. If it proves impossible to implement these measures, or if the presence of students and/or researchers is not required, teleconferencing arrangements may be made.
- What does the Decree provide for religious services?
Religious services with the participation of members of the public may be held albeit in accordance with the protocols signed by the Government and the respective confessions, as per Annexes 1 to 7 to the May 17 Decree.
- What does the Decree provide for public demonstrations?
Public demonstrations are allowed only if stationary and as long as the social distancing and other Covid19 containment measures are observed at all times, in accordance with the requirements of the law enforcement authorities (questore), pursuant to article 18 of the Consolidation Act on Public Security and Royal Decree 773/1931.
- What does the Decree provide for sports events and competitions?
All sports events and competitions of any kind, sort or nature are suspended, in both public and private venues, across the country.
- What does the Decree provide for music, arts and entertainment performances and cultural events in general?
All music, arts and entertainment performances open to members of the public in theatres, concert halls, cinemas and other indoor or outdoor spaces and venues are suspended until June 14, 2020. From June 15, 2020, they may resume subject to allocated and distanced seating schemes being put into place, consistently with the observance of social distancing of at least one metre by both the staff members and spectators, at all times, and to the limitation of no more than 1000 spectators in outdoor venues and 200 indoors, per venue. The regional or autonomous provincial authorities may decide to bring forward or postpone the above opening date, depending on the local epidemiological situation and trends. All performances shall be organised in accordance with the guidelines set out in Annex 9 to the May 17 Decree. Other events entailing indoor or outdoor gatherings, or which do not allow the enforcement or observance of the above mentioned measures, besides activities in music clubs, discos and similar indoor or outdoor venues, trade shows, fairs and conferences, shall continue to be suspended.
- What does the Decree provide for museums and other cultural venues?
Museums and other cultural institutions and venues (within the meaning of article 101 of the Cultural Assets and Landscape Code) will operate under special conditions, depending on their size and characteristics and visitor flows. Visitor numbers will be limited and phased or otherwise restricted to avoid gatherings and ensure the respect of social distancing of at least one metre at all times. Museum services shall be organised taking into account the protocols or guidelines adopted by the regions or the Conference of regions and autonomous provinces. The managements of museums and other cultural institutions and venues may identify and adopt specific organisational, prevention and protection measures, for visitors and staff, based on the characteristics of the venues and of the events and activities carried out.
- Can I attend religious services in any place of worship?
Access to places of worship is restricted, to avoid gatherings of any kind, based on the size and characteristics of the premises and to ensure the respect of social distancing of at least one metre at all times
- Are funeral and burial services allowed?
Yes, as long as social distancing of at least one metre is observed at all times and no gatherings take place.
- Can (ordinary or extraordinary) condominium meetings or the general meetings of corporations, firms or other collective organisations be held?
Meetings of any kind, whether of condominiums, corporations or other collective organisations, may be held and attended in person, as long as they are held in adequate indoor premises, or even outdoors, that allow social distancing of at least one metre between the attendees and avoid any form of gathering, in accordance with the health and safety measures introduced to contain the spread of COVID-19. Such meetings may also be held by tele-conference, since this arrangement is compatible with the specific regulations governing the calling of and proceedings at meetings.
- Are members of the same household required to respect social distancing?
No. Members of the same household are not required to respect social distancing in spaces open to the public, such as streets, parks, shops, public or private means of transport, theatres, concert halls, cinemas, and other public indoor or outdoor venues where events will be held, once again, from June 15, 2020.