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Governo Italiano

Giuseppe Pella


Giuseppe Pella
  • He was born at Valdengo on 18 April 1902 and died in 1981.
  • He graduated in Economics and was a university lecturer.
  • His background was in the Italian Catholic Action movement.
  • In 1946 he was elected to the Constituent Assembly on the Christian Democrat Party slate and was elected in 1948 as a Christian Democrat member of the Chamber of Deputies. In 1968 he was elected to the Senate.
  • He was the Under-Secretary for Finance in the 2nd and 3rd De Gasperi Governments and was appointed Minister of Finance in the 4th De Gasperi Government and Minister of the Treasury and, on 23 May 1948, Acting Minister of the Budget in the 5th, 6th, 7th and 8th De Gasperi Governments.
  • From 17 August 1953 to 5 January 1954 he was Prime Minister and Acting Minister of Foreign Affairs and Minister of the Budget. It was in this period that tension was growing between Italy and Yugoslavia over the question of Trieste, further aggravated by the troubles caused by the question of flying the Italian flag.
  • At the beginning of November the Italian Foreign Minister requested authorisation to fly the Italian flag over the Trieste City Hall to celebrate the anniversary of the entry into Trieste of the Italian troops in 1918. Permission was refused.
  • Three days of street protests followed and the Allied military government police reacted brutally by firing on the demonstrators.
  • After those dramatic days diplomatic efforts were stepped up to find a solution to the question of Trieste, which was reached on 5 October 1954 with a Memorandum of Understanding giving Italy Zone A and leaving Zone B to Yugoslavia.
  • Pella was the President of the Assembly of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) from November 1954 to December 1955 .
  • In 1957 he was Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs in the Zoli Government, where he remained under the 2nd Segni Government. In 1960 he was Minister of the Budget in the 3rd Fanfani Government.
  • In 1972 he held his last ministerial post as Minister of Finance in the 1st Andreotti Government.


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