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Governo Italiano

Renato Ruggiero


Renato Ruggiero
  • Renato Ruggiero, at present Chairman of Citigroup in Switzerland and Vice Chairman of Citigroup's European Investment Bank and Chairman of the International Advisory Board of UniCredit, was born in Naples on 9 April 1930. After graduating with a law degree from the University of Naples in 1953, he entered the Italian diplomatic service.
  • His first posting abroad was to the Italian Consulate in Sao Paolo, Brazil. In January 1959, he was assigned to the Italian Embassy in Moscow, where he worked towards the normalisation of cultural and trade relations between the Soviet Union and Italy during the years of destalinisation, the confrontation in Berlin and the emerging Sino Soviet conflict. In 1962 he was posted to the Italian Embassy in Washington, where he monitored the last phase of the Kennedy Administration, the development of the Cuban Missile Crisis, East-West relations and the Vietnam War.
  • In 1964 he returned to Rome as Head of the Political Affairs Secretariat of the Foreign Ministry. In 1966 he was assigned to the Italian Embassy in Belgrade, where he monitored developments in the Cold War and the events of the 1968 Prague Spring.
  • After a short interval in Rome, he began the second phase of his diplomatic career in 1969. Posted to the Italian Mission to the European Community in Brussels, he negotiated the agreement on social security for migrant workers. In July 1970 he was appointed Chef de Cabinet of the President of the European Commission, Franco Malfatti. In this role, he participated in the negotiations that led to the accession of the United Kingdom, Denmark and Ireland to the EEC, and in the development of the first European economic and monetary union project and in the official launch of the European Union Project at the European Summit in Paris in 1972.
  • After a brief period as Political Advisor to the President of the European Commission, Sicco MANSHOLT, he was appointed Director General for Regional Policy at the European Commission in Brussels. In this role he negotiated and created, with Commissioner George THOMSON, the European Regional Development Fund, the most significant instrument of financial support for the less developed regions in Europe.
  • In 1977 he was appointed Spokesman of the President of the European Commission, Roy JENKINS, whom he assisted in the negotiations that led to the launch of the European Monetary System.
  • Between 1978 -- the year he returned to the Foreign Ministry in Rome -- and 1987, RUGGIERO occupied several positions at the highest level of the Italian diplomatic service: he negotiated Italy's entry into the European Monetary System, was the Diplomatic Advisor of the Prime Minister and the Chef de Cabinet of two Foreign Ministers. In 1980 he was appointed Ambassador and returned to Brussels as Italy's Permanent Representative to the European Community. After four years in that position, he was appointed Director General for Economic Affairs at the Foreign Ministry in Rome (1984-1985) and then reached the highest position in the diplomatic service when he became Secretary General of the Foreign Ministry (1985-1987). During this period he also was the Personal Representative of the Prime Minister for seven G7 summits, and the Chairman of the Executive Committee of the OECD in Paris.
  • In 1987, Ambassador RUGGIERO was appointed Italian Minister for Foreign Trade, a post he held until1991. During this period, he implemented the programme of liberalisation of Italy's foreign trade and capital movements.
  • After his service in government, Renato RUGGIERO left the diplomatic service and joined the board of directors of FIAT and of several other Italian, European and American companies, either as a director or as an international consultant.
  • In 1995, Ambassador RUGGIERO was elected Director General of the World Trade Organisation in Geneva by its 130 member countries, and served in that role until 1999. During this period, he promoted the implementation of a trade dispute settlement system based on the rule of law and not on power. He also promoted the further inclusion of developing countries in trade flows, and the liberalisation of trade with the 48 least developed countries. In addition, Ambassador RUGGIERO began an institutional dialogue with the Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs). During his term at the WTO, telecommunications, information technology and financial services were liberalised on a global basis.
  • Following his tenure at the WTO, Ambassador RUGGIERO was appointed Chairman of ENI. He left that position in September 1999 and joined Schroder Salomon Smith Barney as Vice Chairman International and Chairman for Italy. Since then, he has also served on the Board of Directors or Advisory Boards of several important companies in Italy and the rest of the world.
  • In June 2001 Ambassador Ruggiero was appointed Minister for Foreign Affairs in the present Italian Government from where he resigned on January 5, 2002.
  • In recognition of his contributions to public life, the President of the Italian Republic made Ambassador RUGGIERO a Knight of the Grand Cross. Foreign governments have also recognised his work in the cause of international trade and diplomacy. Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II has bestowed upon him the honorary award of Knight Commander of the Order of St. Michael and St. George; His Majesty Emperor Hirohito of Japan has honoured him with the Grand Cordon of the Order of the Sacred Treasure; and His Holiness John Paul II has named him Knight Grand Cross of the equestrian order of St. Gregory the Great.


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