Italy and the OSCE
Ever since the establishment, in 1975, of the CSCE (Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe, subsequently converted into OSCE in 1995), Italy has staunchly supported the role of the Organization in assuring the security of a very vast area that extends “from Vancouver to Vladivostok” and in promoting dialogue and cooperation among all the Participating States.
Italy is currently one of the Organization’s major contributors, both in terms of financial and of human resources.
Italy is the third-largest contributor to the OSCE’s unified budget, on an equal footing with the United Kingdom and France and slightly less than the United States and Germany, with a quota of 9.3% for the portion allocated to Institutions and a quota of 11% for Field Operations. In addition to the ordinary contributions, Italy makes supplemental payments for its more than 60 Italian officials seconded to the OSCE, to finance Italian observers who take part in the election observation missions of the ODIHR (Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights) and for the OSCE’s extra-budgetary projects. Among the latter, of particular relevance is Italy’s contribution to financing the OSCE Special Monitoring Mission (SMM) in Ukraine, in which Italy participates with more than 20 observers.
In terms of human resources, excluding the Special Monitoring Mission in Ukraine, Italy is currently the first contributor of officials to the OSCE (10% of the total), and holds one of the Organization’s four top offices: that of High Commissioner on National Minorities, which is held by Ambassador Lamberto Zannier, former Secretary-General of the OSCE from 2011 to 2017.
Furthermore, as of 1st January 2016, Italy’s Roberto Montella holds the office of Secretary-General of the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly (http://www.oscepa.org).