The Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance II, established through European Parliament and Council EU REG No. 231/2014, is a financial instrument in support of the Union’s Enlargement Policy, and aims to promote beneficiary countries’ gradual adoption of EU standards and policies through implementation of the community acquis in advance of accession.
With 2014-2020 financial endowments of 11,698,668,000 euro – 4% of which is allocated to crossborder cooperation – the IPA II aims to support the gradual integration of EU candidate countries and potential candidate countries (Turkey, Montenegro, Serbia, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Kosovo), by strengthening each country’s ability to enact the reforms necessary to align their political, institutional, legal, administrative and economic systems with the norms, standards, policies and practices of the European Union.
Key areas for financial assistance include:
- strengthening of democratic institutions;
- reinforcement of the rule of law (anti-corruption and organised crime included);
- good government (including public administration and judiciary system reforms);
- promotion of fundamental human rights;
- respect for gender equality, social inclusion and non-discrimination;
- support for economic growth and competitiveness, with special attention to SMEs;
- global challenges such as sustainable development and climate change;
- boosting of the role of civil society.
While ensuring continuity with the previous IPA instrument, the new one will operate on the basis of simplified norms so as to facilitate access to financing, be more flexible in order to respond more rapidly to the emergence of new needs and place a strong accent on results by offering incentives to those who demonstrate diligence in enacting the reforms requested.