The European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI), established through European Parliament and Council EU REG No. 232/2014, aims to encourage the development of privileged relations with Country Partners of the European Neighbourhood Policy. This 2014-2020 financial instrument – which replaces the previous 2007-2013 ENI – earmarks 15,432,634,000 euro for actions and programmes designed for the promotion of the European values of:
- democracy and human rights
- the rule of law
- good government
- the principles of market economy
- sustainable and inclusive development
Its final goal is to foster the creation of an area of prosperity and good neighbourhood relations. Within the framework of European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP), and where appropriate, the EU also offers a framework for greater mobility and increased “people-to-people contact.
European Neighbourhood Instrument financing is structured to respond to three types of programmes:
- bilateral, concerning financing for individual partners;
- multinational, regarding all or a restricted number of partners in programmes that can involve regional or sub-regional cooperation;
- Cross Border Cooperation, to which up to 5% of the total endowment can be earmarked.
Cross Border Cooperation
Of the 17 CBC projects financed by the ENI and aimed at fostering integrated and sustainable regional development and generating direct cooperation and collaboration between Member State regions and Country Partners located along the EU’s external borders, two are directly under the authority of Italy:
- ENI CBC-MED Sea Basin Programme, managed by the Region of Sardinia, and whose group of 14 Mediterranean coastal countries unites EU Member States Italy, Cyprus, France, Greece, Malta, Portugal and Spain with Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Israel, Lebanon, Palestine and Tunisia, and for which the EU has earmarked 209 million euro for the 2014-2020 period;
- ENI ITALIA-TUNISIA Sea Crossings Programme, managed by the Region of Sicily, for which the EU has earmarked 33.35 million euro for the 2014-2020 period.
 Country Partners to which, pursuant to art. 1 of Reg. no. 232/2014, include: (ENI South) Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Occupied Palestinian Territories, Tunisia [cooperation with Syria is currently suspended]; (ENI East) Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Republic of Moldova, Ukraine.
 There are 12 land-border, one maritime and four basin programmes.