Calls for proposals are mostly, but not exclusively, open to the regional scale projects or thematic interventions generally implemented by NGOs and international organisations (food aid and security, environment, healthcare, infectious diseases, gender equality, etc.), and result in grants for the creation of the proposed project. Normally application for grants is limited to non-profit organisations and bodies, which generally co-finance the project.
The EuropeAid site provides all pertinent information on calls for tenders and calls for proposals; an analogous service is provided by the websites of European Commission delegations present in beneficiary countries.
Institutional “twinning” is a form of technical assistance that was launched several years ago for pre-accession countries and that is today applicable to all geographic programmes.