Defending women against all forms of violence, fruit of Italy’s commitment to human rights in the world, is one of the mainstays of Minister Franco Frattini’s policy, as shown in the numerous initiatives launched during his two mandates as foreign ministry (2002-2004 and the current one) and during his Vice Presidency of the EU Commission (2004-2008), in the conviction, as the Minister himself has always stressed, that human rights is an essential component to ensuring world peace and security.
Initiatives are currently either in the preparation stages or already under way against violence toward women and trafficking in women, particularly within the strategy of women’s empowerment in Western Africa and areas of conflict such as Afghanistan, Lebanon and the Palestinian Territories.
- UNFPA programme in support of reproductive health in provincial women’s centres;
ü Justice Programme providing for legislative actions in the defence of women’s and children’s rights, with interventions for improving conditions in women’s prisons;
- ICS (decentralised cooperation) in support of the abused women’s centre in Kabul (NGO HAWCA);
- Support for the Observatory on Violence Against Women of the Ministry of the Family;
- Support for the Association of Women Jurists for the implementation of the Maputo Protocol (art. 5 on violence against women);
- Support for the Bien etre centre of the NGO AIDOS
- UNIFEM programme for implementation of UNSC Res. 1325/2000
- UNICRI and IOM programmes to fight trafficking in women and girls.
Funded also will be the UNFPA/UNICEF FUND for the Fight against Female Genital Mutilation.
- Funding for the UNFPA programme for women victims of violence in the outskirts of Beirut affected by the conflict of 2006
Autonomous Palestinian Territories
- Second phase of support for the activities of the Mehwar Centre in Bethlehem, a three-year programme that provides for UNIFEM management in collaboration with the Palestinian ministry of Social Affairs (MOSA) and Italian and Palestinian women’s associations.