The initiatives implemented by the Italian Development Cooperation’s Emergency Office focused in the early months of the emergency on providing assistance to and help with the repatriation of thousands of third-country workers fleeing Libya. The focus then shifted to the Libyan population and their most urgent needs.
- February-March 2011: 20 medical kits for the treatment of trauma were supplied to the World Health Organisation (WHO) to provide humanitarian assistance (for 1000 cases) to the civilian victims of the violence in Benghazi. (Total value of operation: 216,635.00 euros).
- Evacuation of third-country citizens fleeing Libya. From 5 to 10 March Italy organised 6 flights, of which 4 military and 2 civil, to repatriate 863 Egyptian, Malian and Bangladeshi civilians (Total value of operation: 1,296,000 euros).
- Donation of 500,000 euros to the International Organisation for Migration (IOM) for its “Libya evacuation and stabilization project” appeal, intended to facilitate the repatriation of citizens fleeing to Egypt and Tunisia.
- A total of 117.5 tons of humanitarian aid sent to Benghazi and its vicinity (7 March to Benghazi, 20 March to Derna and 25 May to Benghazi). Food supplies (provided by LEGACOOP (10 tons), ESSELUNGA (43.5 tons), UNICREDIT (22.5 tons) and Sicily Region (4 tons)), tents, blankets, water purifiers, electricity generators and general medical kits to treat 110,000 people for a period of 3 months. (Value of operation: about 550,000 euros).
- Support for the Choucha refugee camp in Tunisia. Fund worth 250,000 euros set up in Italian Embassy in Tunis in March 2011 for initiatives to help persons fleeing Libya and facilitate the repatriation operations. Other initiatives focused on improving the structures and living conditions in the reception camp at Choucha for people awaiting repatriation and help for the Tunisian communities of Ben Guardane (in the vicinity of the camp)
- Medical kits to Misurata. The WHO was supplied with 5 general medical treatment kits for approximately 50,000 persons and 5 trauma-treatment kits for 500 persons wounded by firearms. (Value of operation: about 100,000 euros).
- Contribution to UNICEF in response to the United Nations humanitarian appeal for the Libyan crisis. This donation, delivered on 13 April, was intended to supply water and sanitation facilities in the worst-hit Libyan towns and villages. The focus was on the most vulnerable members of the population, such as women and children. (Value of donation 300,000 euros, of which 240,000 for repairs to water systems, supply of drinking water and sanitation supplies and assistance).
- Contributions to the United Nations Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO), on 31 May and 4 October 2011. The aim was to support the resumption of agricultural activity (fruit and vegetable crops), support food security and minimise the repercussions of the crisis. The initiative, which focused on groups of farmers in eastern Libya, consisted of the distribution of seeds and agricultural equipment, improvements to irrigation systems and technical assistance. (Total value of contributions: about 650,000 euros).
- Medical kits to Tripoli. 14 trauma kits supplied (September 2011) to doctors for the treatment of people injured in Tripoli. (Value: about 150,000 euros).
- 11 operations for the evacuation of wounded Libyan citizens and dispatch of medical kits. These helped 225 people, whether injured in the fighting or suffering from other illnesses, with 49 accompanying persons. They were treated in hospitals in Lombardy region and in the University of Palermo’s medical facilities; and, in Rome, in San Camillo-Forlanini hospital, the Bambino Gesù children’s hospital, the A. Gemelli hospital and other medical facilities.
The aircraft transporting the Libyan patients also delivered 15 tons of medical kits for the treatment of general medical conditions. They took 2 teams of doctors from San Camillo hospital to work in hospitals and clinics in Benghazi. (Estimated value: 1,500,000 euros).
- Contribution of 300,000 euros to United Nations Mine Action Service (UNMAS) for humanitarian mine clearance operations, the removal of unexploded devices and mine risk education. A further contribution of 350,000 euros is planned to support other initiatives in this area.