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CAMPAIGN FOR THE ERADICATION OF FGM. THE ITALIAN COMMITTMENT

Following negotiations, the first substantial resolution of the United Nations General Assembly on the ban on FGM was approved by consensus in 2012. On December 19 2016 the General Assembly adopted, by consensus, a third Resolution on the issue, submitted by Gambia, on behalf of the African Group (Burkina Faso being the facilitator in the negotiations) and co-sponsored by 133 countries (125 in 2014). On that occasion, Italy was the facilitator on behalf of the European Union. The text includes broad passages proposed by Italy during negotiations. The same endeavour was undertaken on the issue of FGM and Italy ensures its support during the U.N. Human Rights Council to be held in Geneva. 

Italy is one of the major donors committed to the ban of female genital mutilation. The national effort hs been supported by approximately 20 million euros between 2004 and 2015. In particular, Italy funded in 2004, a UNICEF trust fund which gave rise to the multilateral action which set up collaboration between UNICEF and the UNFPA and the “Female Genital Mutilation Cutting: accelerating change” joint programme, including action to be implemented in 17 African countries. Italy has been part of the Steering Committee of the fund since it was started, promoting the same action and contributing to the fund every year. 

Other projects in include: 

The BanFGM Initiative: for the eradication of Female Genital Mutilation promoted by the NPWJ in French-speaking African countries, and co-funded, in 2014, with a 1.5 million euros contribution to support the political, institutional and legal framework in the Ivory Coast, Gambia, Guinea, Mauritania, Niger and Senegal. 

Djibouti- “Supporting Female Health Programmes in Djibouti” – more than 2 million euros in cooperation with the National Institute for Health, Migrations and Poverty (since 2010). 

Sudan – “Funding to UNFPA for reproductive health services and response to violence against women by enhancing institutional capabilities, the mobilisation of communities and the reduction of the stigma among refugees and the hosting communities of Eastern Sudan”, for 600,000 euros (since 2015).

Ethiopia – Funding to UNFPA for “Protection and eradication of Traditional Harmful Practices (HTPs) in the Afar region, for 600,000 euros (programmed in 2016 and now being studied).