FINLAND: ENERGY TRANSITION GUIDELINES
The new guidelines for the Government’s energy transition programme were recently issued, setting the “carbon neutrality” targets for 2035.
For the time being, the plan is based on three measures. First of all, taxation: effective from 2021, excise duties for electricity due by the manufacturing industry will be gradually scaled down, until they reach the minimum allowed by the EU regulations, for the purpose of increasing investments in clean energy, besides encouraging private entities to invest in energy conversion. In parallel, there will be a gradual abolition of the system of tax deductions currently applied to mitigate the energy costs of enterprises, as well as the remodulation of the taxes applied to heating fuels.
The second pillar of the plan concerns cutting emissions, by 35 million tonnes of carbon dioxide compared to the current levels, primarily by dilating the carbon deposits, both at ground level and through vast reforestation operations. Last but not least, a ”climate fund” will be created managed by the VAKE (a state company investing in innovation),which will support the transition by the production system to a circular economy.