A training course for members of the Afghan parliament was organized by the Italian Lower House (Chamber of Deputies) in collaboration with the Luis-Libera Università Internazionnale delle Scienze Sociali Guido Carli, with the contribution of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation. The session opened with a comparative training module on how a legislative body works and on methods of institutional communication administered by the Luiss School of Government at the Rome university seat. From 25 May until its conclusion on Thursday 28 May, the course will be given at the Montecitorio Palace (seat of the Lower House), where the focus will be on the multiple aspects of organizing and carrying out parliamentary activities. Half of the six participating MPs of the Wolesi Jirga, the Afghan Lower House, are women, in accordance with one of Italy’s priorities in its relations with that Asian nation regarding the promotion of gender rights and improvement of women’s conditions. The initiative is intended to contribute to strengthening the institutional capacities of the Afghan parliament in implementation of the long-term partnership and cooperation accord signed in Rome in 2012, and follows other similar capacity building initiatives already carried out on behalf of Afghanistan with the support of the Farnesina.